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Soma Kyodo CFPP in the Soma Core Industrial Park, Fukushima, Japan

A plan to build a small scale 112 MW coal-fired power plant in Fukushima industrial park was cancelled in 2017.


There were 50 coal-fired power plant construction plans in Japan identified after 2012.  At the same time, the local grassroots organizations are opposing these plans because of their concern for climate justice and local pollution problems. The network of environmental NGOs pressured the companies and governments for strict regulations on coal-fired power plants. As a result, amongst the 50 planned power plants, 12 were cancelled, or fuel was changed from coal to renewable, while 12 were in operation. Natural gas is also used in some cases instead of coal.  One of the cancelled projects was Soma Kyodo Power Plant in the Soma Core Industrial Park (in Japanese) “Somachukoku kougyo danchinai hatsudensho”. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Soma Kyodo CFPP in the Soma Core Industrial Park, Fukushima, Japan
State or province:Fukushima
Location of conflict:Soma City
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

112MW Coal-biomass mix power plant plan proposed by SomaKyodo Development. Biomass -30% usage.

Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:01/01/2014
End of the conflict:01/01/2017
Relevant government actors:Soma City
Fukushima Prefecture
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Kiko Network
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Shareholder/financial activism.
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Global warming
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Violations of human rights
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Although the CFPP proposed was on the 112 MW limit, at the end it was discarded because of local opposition.
Sources & Materials

[1]kikonetwork. (n.d.). 【プレスリリース】石炭火力発電の最新状況 2基稼動・1基中止・2基停止が明らかに~条例アセスは一定の歯止めにはなるも、木質バイオマスへのシフトを加速~(2019/2/21). 地球温暖化防止に取り組むNPO/NGO 気候ネットワーク.
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[2]Japan Beyond Coal. (2021, June 30). 石炭火力発電所を2030年までにゼロに. Japan Beyond Coal 石炭火力発電所を2030年までにゼロに.
[click to view]

[3]相馬中核工業団地(東地区)内共同自家発新設計画. 相馬中核工業団地(東地区)内共同自家発新設計画 - 福島県ホームページ. (n.d.).
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Environmental Justice Japan
Last update14/07/2021
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