Songjiang battery project, Shanghai, China

Plans for a lithium battery plant in Songjiang in the outskirts of Shanghai were cancelled following the protests of concerned residents


As a subsidiary of Hefei Guoxuan High-tech Power Energy Co. Ltd., Shanghai Guoxuan New Energy Co., Ltd was established on 8 December, 2011. On 17 May, 2012, it successfully secured the No. v-40 bid for 140 mu (about 9.33 ha) land in Songjiang district at 71 million yuan. [1] A lithium ion battery factory was planned to be built on this plot in the Songjiang Industrial Park in Xiaokunshan town, according to a press release the industrial park issued in August 2012. [2]

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Basic Data
NameSongjiang battery project, Shanghai, China
SiteXiaokunshan Town, Songjiang District
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Chemical industries
Specific CommoditiesBattery cells and packs
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsShanghai Guoxuan Co. Ltd. was established on December 8, 2011. On May 17, 2012, it successfully reserved 140 mu of land No. V-40. The transaction price was 71 million CNY, and the use was marked as battery manufacturing. In 2013, the project was approved for construction in Songjiang District. [1]

The total investment size of the project was 1 billion CNY. It was planned to build a lithium-ion battery production line with an annual output of 200 million ampere-hours and a lithium-ion battery pack line with an annual output of 500 million ampere-hours. [3]

According to the brief EIA report, the affected population would be around 100,000. [11]
Project Area (in hectares)9.33
Level of Investment (in USD)ca. 149,250,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population100,000
Start Date04/2013
End Date05/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesHefei GuoXuan High-Tech Power Energy Co. Ltd. (Gotion) from China - investor
Shanghai Guoxuan New Energy Co., Ltd (Shanghai Guoxuan) from China - owner
Relevant government actors-Shanghai Research Institute of Chemical Industry (EIA Assessment)

-Environmental Protection Bureau of Songjiang District

-Songjiang District Government
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseWithdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The Shanghai Songjiang District Government announced on April 15, 2013 that all the planned Shanghai Guoxuan New Energy Battery Project will be cancelled and the land will be returned to the government.
Sources and Materials

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[1] 松江电池项目折戟背后:遭居民反对 担心污染难避. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[9] Sina Weibo Censors Searches Related to Protests Against Shanghai Battery Factory. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[5]起底合肥国轩:创始人是下海干部一直在努力IPO. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[6] China Daily, 16 May 2013. Shanghai battery factory canceled over protest. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[7]上海国轩新能源锂电池(松江)项目折戟. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[8] Reuters, 11 May 2013. China battery plant protest gives voice to rising anger over pollution. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[4]上海松江电池厂事件后续:公司撤出全部投资. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[10]消息称上海松江电池厂项目投资收回 曾遭反对. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[2] Global Times, 21 April 2013. Songjiang residents oppose battery factory. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[3] 国轩高科50亿电池项目上海夭折真相. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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[11] Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Brief. (accessed online 29.09.2018).
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Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/NWAFU master students
Last update20/02/2019