|Project Details||This conflict is comprised of various legal and illegal activities, ongoing over years with changing actors, rather than caused by a single project. |
According to newspaper reports, illegal trade of luxury woods amounts to at least several hundred thousands dollars (5;10).
All these activities are centred within and around the Snuol Wildlife Sanctuary, covering an area 75,000ha. During the 1990s, this natural heritage, although protected under the 1993 Royal decree, was subject to a forest concession granted to Samling Corporation. In the early 2000s, the area was under a logging moratorium, which provoked heavy logging by illegal traders.
In the recent years, Economic Land Concessions (ELC) were granted, based on the 2005 subdecree on ELCs to various companies. The ELCs granted in this area between 2008-2012 were reported to amount to 126,000 ha. It is not clear whether these concessions overlap or not. Some of these companies (Binh Phouc Kratie Company Rubber 1 and 2 are believed to be subsidiary companies of the state-owned Vietnamese Rubber Group (VRG). The establishment of subsidiary companies is a well-known strategy to overcome the legal limit of 10,000 for ELCs (13).
The affected populations reported here (<35,000) refers to the affected population in Snuol district, according to an USAID report (12). It can be assumed to be much greater if accounting for other neighbouring districts.
|Project Area (in hectares)||126,000 (ELC area)|
|Level of Investment (in USD)||N/A|
|Type of Population||Rural|
|Potential Affected Population||>35,000 |
|Company Names or State Enterprises||Samling Group from Malaysia - Forestry, Oil palm cultivation, Propery development|
Binh Phouc Kratie Rubber 1 Company from Cambodia - rubber, logging
Binh Phouc Kratie Rubber 2 Company from Cambodia - rubber, logging
Vietnam Rubber Group (VGR) from Vietnam - Rubber industry
Tay Nam K from Vietnam - rubber, forestry
Eastern Rubber (Cambodia) from Cambodia - rubber
|Environmental justice organisations and other supporters||Community Forest Network Cambodia |
Women for a Peaceful Environment (Satrey Santepheap Daoembei Parethan (SSP)
Natural Resources and Wildlife Preservation Organisation
A series of other national and international NGOs frequently reported on the case, such as ADHOC, or LICADHO, or Global Wittness Cambodia.