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Sri City SEZ in Sathyavedu, AP, India


Sri City Special Economic Zone is located between Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu border at Sathyavedu, about 70 km from Tirupati. The business city is spread over 100 sq km [1] and is intended for Export Oriented Industry and Domestic Tariff Zone (DTZ) for Domestic Industry. It wants to be a business destination for global companies to establish Manufacturing, Services and Trading operations in India.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Sri City SEZ in Sathyavedu, AP, India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
(municipality or city/town)Sathyavedu District-Nellore
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Sri City Special Economic Zone located between Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu border at Sathyavedu, about 70 km from Tirupati. It has Special Economic Zone (SEZ) for export oriented businesses, and a Domestic Tariff Zone (DTZ) for doing businesses in the Indian market. This SEZ, has already attracted investments from a number of national and international companies from around the globe [1]. In 2013, Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister inaugurated facilities with an expectation that this SEZ will be the best SEZ in the country and soon it will be a mega industrial hub. It is expected that companies will bring in a proposed investment over Rs.12,500 crores and generate employment for over 20,000 people. [2]

Project area:2,023
Level of Investment:2,078,041,739 (Rs.12,500 crores)
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2006
Company names or state enterprises:Sri City (P) Limited from India - Owner
Relevant government actors:Government of Tamil Nadu

Government of India

Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Sathyavedu Constituency SEZ Farmers and Agriculture Labourers Protection and Development Association
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Potential: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Development of alternatives:The villagers protest against ‘failure' in fulfilling the promises by the government as well as SEZ authority. Their demands include, one job per family, permission to continue cultivation in the proposed land till the industries actually established.

End to activities which endanger safety of nearby Sriharikota Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR) Centre [4].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:For land acquisition, Sri City's multi product SEZ developers used various lucrative packages. A good compensation amount, promise for job and training for local to work in the SEZ and one job per family made people to give their land [3,5]. However, those promises had not been fulfilled. So, people sit for protest against the SEZ authority.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The Special Economic Zone Act, 2005
[click to view]

Revenue recovery act
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Regimes of Dispossession: Special Economic Zones and the Political Economy of Land in India, by Levien, Michael James (phd dissertation UC Berkeley)

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] AP CM dedicates 28 units at SriCity SEZ
[click to view]

[3] How to have SEZs without protests
[click to view]

[4] Villagers ransack Sri City SEZ office at Sathyavedu
[click to view]

[5] On SEZs and land acquisition
[click to view]

SEZ management flouting commitments: ryots
[click to view]

[6] Multiproduct SEZ at Nellore
[click to view]

The Hindu, Development a far cry in Satyavedu
[click to view]

[1] Sri City
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

TV9 - Locals should be employed in SriCity (in Telegu)
[click to view]

Sri City- The World Class Industrial Zone in India
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update15/07/2014