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Sterling and ExxonMobil Offshore in Ampasindava, Madagascar


The Ampasindava block is located in the Majunga deep water basin, offshore north-west Madagascar.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Sterling and ExxonMobil Offshore in Ampasindava, Madagascar
State or province:Mahajanga Basin
Location of conflict:Ampasindava
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Ampasindava block is located in the Majunga deep water basin, offshore north-west Madagascar.

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Project area:737,900
Level of Investment:100,000,000
Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:01/02/2009
End of the conflict:12/05/2015
Company names or state enterprises:ExxonMobil Corporation (Exxon) from United States of America
Sterling Energy from United Kingdom
Relevant government actors:Presidence of Madagascar
Economic Development Board of Madagascar (EDBM)
Office of National Mines and Strategic Industries (OMNIS)
The National Environment Office (ONE)
Mines and Hydrocarbons Ministry
Malagasy Environment Ministry
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Recreational users
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Other Environmental impacts, Noise pollution
Potential: Global warming, Oil spills
Other Environmental impactsMass stranding and death of melon-headed whales due to noise pollution
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Development of alternatives:Stop the offshoring until Madagascar has a law.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:ExxonMobil and Sterling have signed the relevant documentation with OMNIS to relinquish the Ampasindava Block, Madagascar.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Southall B, Rowles T, Gulland F, Baird R, and Jepson P, 2013, Final report of the independent Scientific Review. Panel Investigating potential contributin factors to a 2008 mass stranding of melon-headed whales (Peponocephala electra) in Antsohihy, Madagascar. International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), 75 pages
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

ExxonMobil Oil and Gas Exploration Is Root Cause of Whale Deaths in Madagascar
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Madagascar's oil interests at the highest point the US
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ExxonMobil and Sterling quit Madagascar block
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Nosy Be, the island of oil perfumes ?
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Ocean noise cited in '08 whale mass stranding off the coast of Madagascar
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Relinquishment of the Ampasindava Block
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A mass stranding of dolphins caused by a sonar
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Last update18/08/2019
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