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Stora Enso plantations, China


Stora Enso has been active for many years in China in a strategy to increase its plantations and pulp production in the (cheaper) South. It plans to build a pulp mill in China.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Stora Enso plantations, China
State or province:Guangxi province
Location of conflict:Hepu County
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Deforestation
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Stora Enso has concessions over 180,000 ha, and plans to build a 1 million ton pulp mill

Project area:100000
Level of Investment:2.52 Billion USD
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2004
Company names or state enterprises:Stora Enso from Sweden - Foundation Asset Management (Sweden), Finnish state, investment funds from Sweden and Finland
Relevant government actors:Government of China
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Rights and Resources Initiative, WRM
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Lawyers. (Yang Zaixin, who defends the rights of the villagers was attacked and beaten up)
Forms of mobilization:Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Participation in the company's conflict resolution process, Direct and violent confrontation
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Other Environmental impactsless medicinal herbs
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Court decision (undecided)
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Opposition to the project is not tolerated and is violently repressed.
As of 2005, the villager lost the conflict, but future actions were discussed.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

WRM bulletin 142/2009, China: Eucalyptus plantations - from Finland with conflict, WRM ()
[click to view]

Doc Movie: "Red Forest Hotel", by Mika Koskinen
[click to view]

The Stora Enso Plantation Project in Hepu County, Guangxi Province", Rights and Resource Initiative
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

"Chinese farmers lose land to Stora Enso tree plantations"
[click to view]

farmers lose land to Stora Enso tree plantations/1135245537698
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Winnie Overbeek
Last update27/02/2018
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