Strateco Resources Inc. Uranium Mine in The Matoush Project, Canada

Northern Quebec Uranium Mine put on hold after 2013 Government Moratorium and First Nations Cree opposition.


Strateco Resources Inc. Uranium Mine – The Matoush Project is a Canadian mining development project located in the Otish Mountains of Northern Québec, approximately 275 kilometres north of Chibougamau and 210 kilometres northeast of Mistissini [1]. 

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Basic Data
NameStrateco Resources Inc. Uranium Mine in The Matoush Project, Canada
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Uranium extraction
Specific CommoditiesWater
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsStrateco Resources Inc. Uranium Mine – The Matoush Project is a Canadian mining development project involving the extraction of uranium on Aboriginal First Nations Cree land approximately 275 kilometres north of Chibougamau and 210 kilometres northeast of Mistissini. The proposed project consists of the wholly-owned Matoush, Matoush Extension and Eclat properties, as well as the Pacific-Bay-Matoush property. The Matoush project currently comprises 590 claims covering a total area of 31,195 hectares (312 square kilometres).

As of 2012, over 150 exploratory holes have been drilled in and around the Matoush project. A work camp comprising over 50 personal was established in 2007, and in 2010 a 1.5 km airway was constructed near the mining site [5].

The affected population near this project is minimal, as the nearest community is 210 km away in Mistissini with a population of around 3,500. However, the region as a whole which is designated for use by the Cree First Nation under the James Bay Northern Quebec Agreement consists of over 18,000 people [6].
Project Area (in hectares)31,195
Level of Investment (in USD)123,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population18,000 within the region, 4,000 within 250 km of the project.
Start Date01/01/2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesStrateco Resources Inc. (SRI) from Canada - Acquired a 60% stake in the Ditem options in 2005. Has been the main developer from 2006 onward, constructing the present day mining and exploratory drilling facility, including the nearby airport.
Uranerz Exploration and Mining Ltd. (UEML) from Canada - First to explore the Otish Mountain region and begin exploratory drilling at the Matoush prospect claim
Ditem Exploration Inc. (Ditem) from Canada - Optioned the site in 2002 after Ashton Diamonds/Soquem joint venture discovered large kimberlite deposits 70 km north of the Matoush site. Began extensive aeromagnetic survey over a large area and collected till samples for heavy mineral analyses.
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Quebec

Grand Council of the Cree’s

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

Le Bureau d'audiences publiques sur l'environnement (BAPE)

Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques (MDDELCC)

Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency

Government of Canada - Minister of the Environment

President of CEA Agency & Federal Minister of the Environment

The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND)

Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development

Minister of Native Affairs (Quebec)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMining Watch Canada (

Aboriginal Multi-Media Society (AMMSA) – (

Nuclear-Free Future Award Foundation (NFFAF) – (

The Council of Canadians (

World Information Service on Energy (WISE) – (

Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay (

Boreal Leadership Council (

Southwest Research and Information Center (

Intercontinental Cry (
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
OtherIncreasing ecological pressure on Boreal Woodland Caribou from forest fragmentation, and commercial/industrial development.
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
OtherIncreases in cancer and respiratory problems as a result of increased exposure to uranium tainted waters.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Withdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesAbandonment of the Matoush Project and surrounding prospect claims and a permanent moratorium on any future uranium mining in Northern Quebec, and on traditional First Nation territory. Limitation on future development, uranium or otherwise, that endangers the environmental sustainability or integrity of the James Bay region of Northern Quebec.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.On June 21, 2017 the Superior Court of Quebec rejected an appeal from Strateco Resources Inc. against the Attorney General of Quebec on behalf of the Government of Quebec and the Minister of the Environment. The presiding judge the Honorable Denis Jacques rejected Strateco's claim of $182,684,575 for the loss of its investment in the Matoush uranium project and an additional $10 million in punitive damages. This decision by the SCQ was undoubtedly a major win for environmentalists and First Nations advocates, as it set a precedent future mining companies trying to extract financial compensation from a development project after a government moratorium. However, the moratorium on uranium mining in Quebec can still be revoked by a simply change in government or public policy, as the court did not rule on the legality of the moratorium remaining in-place indefinitely. As a result, until a law is passed by the Quebec National Assembly (which is unlikely) then uranium mining in Northern Quebec and at the Matoush Project near Mistissini still has the possibility of being revived at a future date. In the meantime, the residents in the nearby Cree community of Mistissini will be left to worry about the ultimate fate of this massive (now abandoned) uranium project in their backyard.

At the same time this verdict was reached by the Superior Court of Quebec, the James Bay Cree First Nation groups used the opportunity to mention the many other mining activities still occurring in their region outside of uranium. In Northern Quebec, exploratory mining and industrial development is extensive, including other valuable minerals such as gold, silver, copper, iron ore, zinc, lead, and chromium. Other mining activities such as these have been increasing despite the moratorium on uranium mining, which is only a small fraction of Northern Quebec’s mining activities. As a result of the Plan Nord instituted by Premier Jean Charest, northern mining and industrial development is proceeding more rapidly than ever before, to the detriment of the local ecology and boreal species. Therefore, the temporary moratorium imposed on uranium mining only halted a small niche development in the Quebec mining sector, while far more important and extensive activities continue to expand unchecked. This is why the moratorium on uranium is seen by aboriginals as simply a bandage being applied to a fatal wound, as other mining sectors only increase their presence and impact on their environment.
Sources and Materials

Le Bureau d'audiences publiques sur l'environnement (BAPE) Report on Public Consultation on Uranium Industry Issues in Québec. Government of Quebec., 1-2


[4] Strateco Resources Inc. 2012 Project Location Legend. Retrieved from

[1] Strateco Resources: Matoush Project Properties. Retrieved from

[2] Le Bureau d'audiences publiques sur l'environnement (BAPE) Report on Public Consultation on Uranium Industry Issues in Québec. Government of Quebec., 1-2

[3] Vendeville, G. (2014,). Mining company suing government; Quebec's Strateco seeks $190 million after its uranium project blocked. Montreal Gazette. Retrieved from

[5] Strateco Resources: The Matoush Project – Location and Access. Retrieved from

[6] The Grand Council of the Cree: James Bay Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA) – Category Land and Aboriginal Title. Retrieved from


Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission: The Matoush Uranium Exploration Project
[click to view]

The Council of Cree Nation of Mistissini – Brief on Uranium Mining
[click to view]

The Globe and Mail: Quebec’s Plan Nord project snubs uranium mining in the province
[click to view]

Strateco Resources Corporate Website
[click to view] – Quebec becomes third province to impose uranium moratorium
[click to view]

Mines and - Canadian Cree renew opposition to Matoush uranium project
[click to view]

[click to view]

Media Links

VIDEO: Ressources Strateco Inc. - Projet Matoush
[click to view]

VIDEO: Strateco Resources CEO Guy Hébert after moratorium imposed
[click to view]

VIDEO: Strateco Resources Inc. - Matoush Project
[click to view]

Other Documents

Stand Against Uranium solidarity march Source:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorDerrick Carruthers – [email protected] – Bishop’s University
Last update28/03/2018