Subernarekha Multipurpose project (Kharkai Barrage), Gamharia in Seraikela-Kharsawan, India


Subernarekha Multipurpose Project (SMP) was originally conceptualized in 1978 in Bihar (now become the area of the state of Jharkhand). The project consists of two dams; one across river Subernarekha at Chandil and the other across river Kharkai at Icha. Beside these two dams there's one barrage across Kharkai at Ganjia and the other across Subernarekha at Galudih. Both these barrages consists of canal system to take water for irrigation purpose. It will also supply water to Uranium complex at Jaduguda in Jharkhand.

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Basic Data
NameSubernarekha Multipurpose project (Kharkai Barrage), Gamharia in Seraikela-Kharsawan, India
SiteVillage - Ghazia, Gamharia, District -Seraikela-Kharsawan
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesWater
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsKharkai Barrage and its canal system are proposed to supply water to municipal and agricultural purpose. The Barrage will have two canals. Kharkai Right Canal will be about 17.60 km. long with a head discharge of 10.75 cumec. It will also supply water to Uranium complex at Jaduguda in Jharkhand and also for irrigation. Kharkai Left Canal will be about 2.5 km. long canal with a head discharge of 2.5 cumec. It shall supply 49 hm3 of water to Sitarampur reservoir for irrigation, industrial and municipal purpose of Adityapur town [1]. The Barrage located at Ghazia will cost about Rs 250 crore. According to the chief engineer of the project it will be completed by 2015 and once completed the project would irrigate about 15,000 hectares in Seraikela [2]
Level of Investment (in USD)42,430,265 (250 Crores)
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1978
Company Names or State EnterprisesSubernarekha Multipurpose Project
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Jharkhand, Government of Orissa, Government of West Bengal, Central Water Commission, Government of India
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters''Janabadi Abhijan', ''Visthapit Mukti Vahini''(VMV), Akhil Bhartiya Aadivasi Mahasabha, Local Villagers, Gram Sabha (Village Committee)

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesGram sabha (Village Committee), are skeptical about the intention of the project. So the gram sabha has decided that they will oppose the project. Village people are afraid of displacement like the Subarnarekha Multipurpose Project (SMP) at Chandil [2].
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The project officials claimed that the barrage is a zero-submerge project. So the barrage will not affect any village. They also blame local politicians who have vested interests and instigating local people [2].

Regarding Dalma sanctuary The Central Empowered Committee of the Supreme Court has directed the state government to form an elephant corridor on the left bank of Chandil canal covering 15 km. Court has also directed to develop an eco-sensitive zone in a 500 m periphery of Chandil south canal and afforestation on at least 1,800 hectares of non-forest land [3]
Sources and Materials

Jharkhand Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2008
[click to view]

The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996(PESA)
[click to view]

The national rehabilitation and resettlement policy, 2007
[click to view]


[1] Subernarekha Multipurpose Project JI02355
[click to view]

[2] Ire over Kharkai barrage
[click to view]

[3] Dubious benefit
[click to view]

[4] Swarnrekha Multipurpose Project Being Opposed By The Affected Villagers In Jharkhand
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update28/05/2014