Suzano biomass plantations, Brazil


The Suzano company was created in 1924 in So Paulo, for pulp and paper production. Investments in the Northeast started a few decades ago, mainly for charcoal production. However in recent years plantations in Maranho and neighboring Northeastern states of Brazil Piau and Tocantins are increasing fast. Suzano plans to build a pulp mill in Maranho, and another in Piaui to produce 3 million tons of pulp in 2016. Also it plans through an especially created company, Suzano Renewable Energy, to implement specific biomass plantations and a wood pellet industry in Chapadinha to export wood to the EU, especially to England that is rapidly building wood power facilities. It bought recently FuturaGene, a UK-based genetic modification company.

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Basic Data
NameSuzano biomass plantations, Brazil
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Coal extraction and processing
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsSuzano Renewable Energy plans to produce from 2013 on about 3 million tons of wood pellets per year
Project Area (in hectares)70000
Level of Investment (in USD)US$ 1.3 billion for the biomass project
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesSuzano Papel e Celulose and Suzano Renewable Energy from Brazil
Relevant government actorsBNDES
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWRM, The Movement of Small Peasants, MST, Via Campesina
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Desertification/Drought, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Until now Suzano has caused several negative impacts on local rural communities, an increase in plantations for wood pellets for export tends to aggravate this sitution.
Sources and Materials

World Rainforest Movement
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World Rainforest Movement
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Meta Information
ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014