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Suzlon Energy windfarms in Kutch District, India

Large-scale wind power farm of Suzlon company is being deployed on the coast and wetland of Kutch, Gujarat, displacing people and threatening wildlife.


India kicked off its energy diversification into wind energy in the 1980s when the Government of India setup the Commission for Additional Sources of Energy (CASE). India has a potential of harnessing 48,500 MW at 50 meter height and 102,788 MW at 80 meter height of energy from wind projects.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Suzlon Energy windfarms in Kutch District, India
State or province:Gujarat
Location of conflict:Little Rann of Kutch
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Large-scale wind energy plants
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Suzlon wind farm in Kutch is planned as 2000 MW farm. By 2014 the company already completed the installation of 1100 MW of hybrid windmills at this park. Once this farm is finished, it will become the world’s largest wind farm at a singular location or belt.

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Level of Investment for the conflictive project 300,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:50,000
Start of the conflict:12/01/2005
Company names or state enterprises:Suzlon Energy from India
Relevant government actors:Indian Government
Chief minister of Gujarat
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Centre for Science and Environment (Delhi)
Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Proposal and development of alternatives:Organisations like the Centre for Science and Environment are lobbying the Indian Government to bring wind power projects under the mandate of environmental impact assessment
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The project is ongoing. No environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been made. It has been requested.
Though this is an area of wilderness conservation notified decades ago, this is not respected. Rights of people in the region are not respected, either.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

S R Kumar · A M Samsoor · P R Arun, Impact of wind turbines on birds: a case study from Gujarat, India
[click to view]

Bat mortality due to collision with wind turbines in Kutch District, Gujarat, India, by Rameshkumar Selvaraj AND Abdul Hameed Mohamed Samsoor Ali

Abdul Hameed Mohamed Samsoor Ali
[click to view]

Changing Mode of the Pastoralist Economy and Globalisation of Kutch

By Sonal Mehta
[click to view]

Wind power: Clean energy, dirty business?

By Erik Vance, JANUARY 26, 2012
[click to view]

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Environmental Change. Government of India.

Executive Summary

Environment and Social Assessment and Indigenous Development Plan
[click to view]

Steffen Boehm

Blog: Political Economies & Ecologies
[click to view]

EIA Guidelines for Wind Power. Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi.2013
[click to view]

The Indian Express article. November 2014

Suzlon to complete Kutch wind farm in next four years, says CMD Tanti
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Joan Martinez Alier and Sofía Ávila
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2012
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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