Suzlon windfarm in Dhule, Maharashtra

Wind energy project and carbon offset scheme in Dhule: controversies on land grabbing against Adivasi people and deforestation


Since 2007, Adivasis in Dhule district, Maharashtra, protested the diversion of forest land for wind power projects. About 340 hectares of forest land have been diverted for wind energy projects in Sakri taluka, promoted by Suzlon Energy Limited. Since then, the company has been embroiled in a raging controversy, on the issue of forcible land acquisition. Dhule is a part of Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project, India's most ambitious infrastructure program, aiming to develop new industrial cities as 'Smart Cities' and converging next generation technologies across infrastructure sectors. The local component of the corridor is known as Dhule- Nardana Investment Region (DNIR). It will also become soon one of the largest hubs of Textile, Edible oil, and Power-loom across the state, apart from the already big milk production currently in place. In Dhule, Suzlon is building Asia's largest wind farm with 1,000 MW capacity.

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Basic Data
NameSuzlon windfarm in Dhule, Maharashtra
SiteDhule (Pangan and other villages)
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe wind farm has 650 MW of installed capacity and Suzlon is planning to reach a 1,000 mw capacity.

Suzlon has been provided 340 ha of forest land, where land rights of 2000 adivasi is being affected by around 650 wind turbines.

The Rabobank consortium bought 175,000 tons of carbon offsets in the Dhule project to help the company become carbon neutral.
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2,000
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesSuzlon Energy from India
Relevant government actorsState government of Maharashtra

Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF)

District collector (Dhule)
International and Financial InstitutionsRabobank from Netherlands
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSatyashodhak Grameen Kashtakari Sabha (a local NGO campaigning for land rights of adivasis and forest dwellers for the last 40 years)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Criminalization of activists
Court decision (undecided)
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.It seems that the project has stopped. In the Suzlon webpage, the Dhule project does not appear anymore.
Sources and Materials


Dhule Adivasis’ Glorious Struggle for Land Rights

Dr. Anand Teltumbde

Dr. Sanjay Dabhade

Mr. Akram Siddiqui

Mr. S. Ansari



August 2007
[click to view]

Steffen Boehm

Political Economies & Ecologies

Turbines of Trouble: A Question of Scale and Land
[click to view]

Dhule's fighting. Published on Down To Earth
[click to view]

Carbon offsets: Green project offends Indian farmers who lose land to windmills

By Ben Arnoldy, / Staff Writer APRIL 20, 2010
[click to view]

The Hindu. March 18,2007.

Forest land diverted for wind energy projects. By Meena Menon
[click to view]

The Guardian - Winds of change come to country plagued by power blackouts
[click to view]

Other Documents

Windfarm by Suzlon in Dhule Source: The Guardian,
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJoan Martínez-Alier (ICTA-UAB), Sofía Ávila (ICTA-UAB)
Last update29/03/2017