Last update:
2014-06-02

Tambogrande, Perú

Description:

El distrito de Tambogrande en Piura es famoso en los anales de la minería en América Latina por el referéndum o consulta popular que tuvo lugar el 2 de junio de 2002, contra los planes de la compañía junior Manhattan Minerals de extraer oro del yacimiento situado debajo mismo de la población. Tambogrande es productor de mangos y limones en terreno irrigado, es un pueblo de colonización en el Valle de San Lorenzo.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Tambogrande, Perú
Country:Peru
State or province:Piura
Location of conflict:Tambo Grande
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral processing
Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Specific commodities:Silver
Copper
Gold
Zinc
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Las reservas minerales aprovechables han sido estimadas en 8.9 millones de toneladas de mena oxidada y 61.3 millones de toneladas de mena sulfurada. Para poder extraer las reservas minerales, se tendría que remover 100 millones de toneladas de roca estéril. El cuerpo mineralizado TG-1 contiene 853,000 onzas de oro recuperable y 10.26 millones de onzas de plata en la zona de óxidos, mientras que la zona de sulfuros contiene 339,000 toneladas de zinc y 715,800 toneladas de cobre. El proyecto contemplaba una vida operativa aproximada de 12 años.

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Project area:500
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:70000
Start of the conflict:1996
End of the conflict:2003
Company names or state enterprises:Manhattan Minerals from Canada
Relevant government actors:Municipalidad Distrital de Tambogrande, Dirección General de Asuntos Ambientales del MEM, Ministerio de Energía y Minas, Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales (Inrena), Instituto Nacional de Minería, Petróleo y Energía, Juneta Electoral de Peru, Centro de Investigación en Geografía Aplicada (CIGA) de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Comisión Técnica del Medio Ambiente del Colegio de Ingenieros de Piura, Cámara de Comercio de Piura
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Oxfam America, Frente de Defensa de los Intereses de Tambogrande, Piura Agro y Vida, CONACAMI, Red Muqui, Mesa Técnica de Apoyo a Tambogrande, integrada por la Comisión Episcopal de Acción Social (CEAS), la Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA), Labor, Eco, Fedepaz, Asociación pro derechos humanos (APRODEH), Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos del Perú (CNDDHH), Cooper-Acción, CEPE, Diaconía para la Justicia y la Paz del Arzobispado de Piura
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Repression
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Manhattan Minerals withdrew after the referendum of June 2002 in Tambogrande
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Estudio de Gina Alvarado
[click to view]

Articulo de la Red Muqui
[click to view]

Globalization and the power of rescaled narratives: A case of opposition to mining in Tambogrande, Peru

H Haarstad, A Floysand, Political Geography 26 (3), 289-308
[click to view]

Muradian, Roldan, Martinez-Alier, J, Correa, H., 2003, International Capital Versus Local Population: The Environmental Conflict of the Tambogrande Mining Project, Peru, Society and Natural Resources
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Final del conflicto
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

"Tambogrande: Mangos, Murder, Mining"

Stephanie Boyd and Ernesto Cabellos
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Joan Martinez Alier and Talia Waldron
Last update02/06/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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