According to the United States Geological Survey, Vietnam is estimated to hold the world's third-largest bauxite ore reserves, after Guinea and Australia, which accounts for 14.2% of the world’s reserve . Up to 96% of this reserve is located in the Central Highlands , of which 975 million tons are in Lam Dong province, 18% of Vietnam’s bauxite reserve base . Although the Vietnamese government approved in April 2006 plans to begin mining bauxite reserves in the Central Highlands , it was on November 1, 2007, through the enactment of the Prime Minister’s Decision 167 (Master Plan for Exploration, Mining, Processing and Use of Bauxite Ore in 2007-2015 Period), when the Vietnamese government made official its plan and signed a strategic agreement with the Chinese government to extract bauxite resources in the Central Highlands [2,4]. The Tan Rai project is one of the most important parts of the Master Plan. Between 2007 and 2010, a coordinated opposition was carried out by civil society activists, bloggers, environmentalists, lawyers, religious leaders and senior Communist Party officials, which led to a series of policy debates and high-level reviews of the project’s sustainability, environmental as well as social impact, by various government ministries. A series of letter written by retired General Giap (a heroe of the independence struggle) to the Prime Minister, protesting the government’s plans to go through with the project and warning of China’s invasive economic ties to Vietnam’s core domestic interests, was one of the most effective events at drawing international attention to the issue .