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Tata Steel Plant Kalinganagar, Orissa India


Kalinganagar, located under Sukinda and Danagadi blocks of Jajpur district of Orissa. It is rapidly becoming the new industrial hub of Orissa. The place is located about 100 kms from the state capital, Bhubaneswar, and about 30-40 km from the district headquarter Jajpur. The NH-200, connecting the iron ore/chromite belt of Jajpur and Keonjhar districts with the Paradeep Port, runs through the area [1]. Government has planned to convert the area into a 13,000 acre industrial centre. Factories located in the area will produce about 25 million tonnes of steel a year. Along with the steel factories there will be an airport, a hospital, schools and new houses supplied with water and electricity [2]. Government of Orissa has signed more than 40 MoUs with various private companies to set up steel plants in the State. The Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation of Orissa (IDCO) was responsible to develop infrastructure facilities for the proposed industrial complex. IDCO started acquiring land in the year 1992-94. Although IDCO had acquired the land in the early 90s, only a portion of it had been actually transferred to different industries and the remaining land is still in actual possession of people, who have been cultivating it as before.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Tata Steel Plant Kalinganagar, Orissa India
State or province:Orissa
Location of conflict:Kalinganagar
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral processing
Specific commodities:Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project is a joint partnership between Government of Odisha, and Tata Steel. The production capacity is 6 million tonne per annum. The Steel Works will be established in two modules of 3 million tonnes of steel each and when completed, will have a capacity of 6 million tonnes per annum [4].

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Project area:5261
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,000-
Start of the conflict:1997
Company names or state enterprises:Tata Steel from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Odisha, Bharatya Janta Party
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Visthapan Virodhi Jana Mancha (VVJM), Sukinda Upatyaka Adivasi, Harijan Ekata O Surakshya Parishad
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Land demarcation
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Tata Steel has promised special compensation for the families of 13 tribals killed in a police firing on January 2, 2006, after it admitting it was facing stiff resistance from the anti-land acquisition brigade over its mega project in Kalinganagar [5]
Proposal and development of alternatives:Put an end to all displacement. Five acres of land be given to families who have already been displaced.
The Chief Minister, the Finance Minister, Minister of Mines, Industry, Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe Welfare Minister be removed from Ministry, and the Minister of Finance and Chief Minister be booked for murder charge.
The Home Secretary and DGP be suspended and SP and Collector of Jajpur District and ADM, Kalinganagar be suspended and booked under 302.
Rs.20 lakhs compensation for the family of each dead and Rs.10 lakhs to the family of injured.
MNCs and Monopoly companies be driven out from the soil of Orissa.
Adivasis be given the rights over mineral resources, land, water, forests and industry in tribal areas.
Unconditional release of leaders and activists of the movement and withdrawal of all cases pending against them [1,3].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Initially, people had welcomed the Kalinganagar Industrial Complex in good
faith and with the hope that this would improve their economic lot and social
conditions. Over the years, however, their hopes have been belied and their
insecurity regarding their future, as well as that of their future generations,
increased manifold [1].
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Odisha Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy, 2006

[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

The Land Acquisition Act of 1894 (Amendment 1984)
[click to view]

SCHEDULED TRIBES AND OTHER TRADITIONAL FOREST DWELLERS (Recognition of Forest Rights) Amendments Rules 2012: NEW

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

A Report by People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) Orissa
[click to view]

Police Firing at Kalinganagar

Once my village (an independent film on industrialisation)
[click to view]

[1] Police Firing at Kalinganagar : A Report by People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) Orissa
[click to view]

[2] Battle over Indian steel mills
[click to view]

[3]Peoples Version Of Kalinganagar Firing
[click to view]

[4] Kalinganagar & Tata Steel
[click to view]

[5] Tata plans special package for Kalinganagar victims
[click to view]

Tribals lock Tata plant gates
[click to view]

Tribals stage protest against Tata Steel project in Kalinga Nagar -
[click to view]

Cops, tribals clash in Kalinganagar
[click to view]

Tata Steel Annual Report
[click to view]

Kalinganagar firing victims families start life afresh
[click to view]

Police brutality in Orissa
[click to view]

Film portrays plight of Kalinganagar tribals
[click to view]

Tata Steel to raise funds for Odisha project
[click to view]

Tata Steel to raise Rs 13,000 cr for Kalinganagar project
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Police Clash With Protesters in Orissa, India
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:925
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