The 300 MW Jispa hydroelectric project by Himachal Pradesh Power Corporation Limited (HPPCL) is proposed on the Bhaga river in Lahaul-Spiti District of Himachal Pradesh, India. The river is a tributary of Chandrabhaga or the Chenab river. The proposed location of the dam lies downstream the confluence point of Jankar and Milang stream.  Lahaul-Spiti has a predominantly tribal population and falls under Schedule V of the Indian Constitution wherein their tribal interests are safeguarded.
In terms of hydropower development, the Chenab River basin is (still) the least exploited.
In year 2008, the Jispa Hydroelectricity project was declared of 'National Importance' by the Central Government.
The Project's pre-feasibility proposal was considered for Scoping and Terms of Reference (ToR), by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on 12th November, 2010. Back then, the Committee directed the company to revise the height of the dam to reduce the submergence area and affected population . Given this fact, the committee then did not accept the proposal and asked the project proponents to submit a fresh proposal.
The project came up for consideration again with the EAC on 26th March 2011. Responding to the directions of the EAC, HPPCL merely shifted the project 3.2 kms upstream of Jispa village. Though shifting the dam upstream removed Jispa village from submergence area, village where opposition was strongest, however it brought a new set of villages under displacement.
But this time around, the EAC accepted the ToR.  There have been spate of mobilizations within the region (Lahaul Valley) against the project since its conceptualisation. The valley witnessed it first protest rally on 7th June 2010 in Keylong, the District Headquarter. The local population residing outside the valley too have been actively debating the issue; organising meetings and making official submissions. On 17th October, a memorandum was submitted to the Governor of Himachal Pradesh opposing the project. The local affected population where hydropower projects are proposed/under planning have skilfully used several state and national level platforms to voice their concerns on hydropower development, and its inter linkages with larger development of the region.
• The local level environmental groups such as Jispa Dam Sangarsh Samiti, Lahaul-Spiti Janjatiye Manch, and local community leaders have questioned the feasibility of a project of such a magnitude in a geological and ecological fragile area as Lahaul. Given agriculture is the mainstay of Lahaul's economy, here too local affected people have raised concerns about impacts of tunnelling on natural water sources. The high dependency on them both for drinking and irrigation purposes have left people sceptical. A major fact that remains unacceptable to local people is the displacement involved.
 • There are 12 villages (Darcha-1 and 2, Sumdu, Limkyum, Rarik, Gandaj, Balijim, Yoche, Chikka, Dogma, Nama, Ranglyo, Makseen) which will be completely/partially submerged by the project, displacing more than 250 families. Around 10 villages (Jispa, Kaimur, Khangsan, Sorang, Kalong, Rangrik, Kwaing, Sitangiri, Kwang etc) will be impacted by drying up of water sources. Submergence of more than 1200 hectares of forestland/grass plots along the river is expected which locals feel will make livestock rearing quite challenging since in winters agriculture fields and grasslands along the river are the only source of fodder.  • Interestingly, people's movement against Jispa has not only garnered support from affected panchayats but also from several other panchayats within Lahaul division. Around 16 panchayats, have passed resolution against Jispa dam's construction. People from Sitangiri (power house construction site) to Darcha Panchayat have opposed it since the beginning resulting in an indigenous platform called “Jispa Bandh Jan Sangarsh Samiti”. To raise and address displacement related issues, a separate forum named “Jispa Bachao Samiti” was formed.
• Locals have also expressed disappointment at HPPCL's tokenism to shift the location as for locals the sheer size of the project and displacement remains a primary concern. On EAC's decision, Rigzin Hayerpa, a local activist and a Zila Parishad member then stated “This step (of changing the location) will not lessen the negative impacts of the project but will bring new set of villages under submergence and will increase the number of villages going to be adversely impacted by tunnelling.” Also the locals have repeatedly appealed to the MoEFCC to discontinue any survey work for the project. Moreover the local affected community is making sure that no survey or any further progress on the project is allowed without their consent.
Currently, the future of Jispa dam project hangs in balance. The local affected communities have actively sustained their opposition and continue to highlight the issue at all levels. In January and March 2014, a local delegation formed by the Pradhan (appointed village representative) of Darcha Panchayat appraised the Tribal Minister and Power Minister in Delhi. Another significant mobilisation where again the project affected population from Jispa took a lead was at the latest stakeholder consultation conducted by the Directorate of Energy (DoE) for Chenab's Cumulative Environment Impact Assessment (CEIA) on 29th October 2014 at Keylong, the District Headquarter  The sustained opposition on ground in many ways testifies people's apprehensions about planned hydro development in the region.
The most recent protest rally held in August 2015 is yet another reminder that people are not ready to accept any displacement of livelihood for the sake of development.
Critics have also pointed out that most importantly the project violates the Indus Water Treaty signed between India and Pakistan in 1960 on three western rivers- Chenab, Jhelum and Indus. As per the IWT, Pakistan has exclusive usage but India has right to tap the hydropower potential of these rivers but without affecting water flows and natural timing of water flows. Jispa HEP would on the contrary affect water flow in Pakistan. Already a conflict situation has arisen due to the construction of Baglihar dam on Chenab river and India has had to reduce the height of the dam. The Jispa dam also overlooks the critical recommendations of the Shukla Committee appointed by the High Court of Himachal Pradesh to monitor environmental compliance of hydroprojects in the state. As per the Shukla Committee in fact, the HP government was advised that hydroprojects above 7000ft (above which high alpine zones start) should not be sanctioned. Jispa dam is being planned at an altitude of 10,700 ft.