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Allouk Water Station Shutdown and Humanitarian crisis, Syria

Activists launched a social media campaign, titled "Thirst suffocates al-Hasakah," to urge Turkey and its allied armed factions to restart the Alouk station and provide water to the city of al-Hasakah.


The Al-Khabour River originates and flows through southeastern Turkey to northeastern Syria, with a total length of 388 kilometers, of which 308 kilometers are in Syria. It is the largest of the three tributaries that join the Euphrates River, and it has a higher annual water flow compared to the other two tributaries. Syria, Turkey, and Iraq all share the Al-Khabour River and its surrounding basin. The basin is approximately 36,200 square kilometers in size, with 28% located in Turkey, 66% in Syria, and the remaining 6% in Iraq. It empties into the Euphrates River near Deir-Ezzor. The Al-Khabour River is fed by water from smaller streams known as wadis, which join to form the upper Al-Khabour, also known as the Al-Khabour Triangle [1][2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Allouk Water Station Shutdown and Humanitarian crisis, Syria
Country:Syrian Arab Republic
State or province:Al Hasakah
Location of conflict:Northeastern Syria
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Specific commodities:Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:45,000 to 1,000,000
Start of the conflict:15/10/2019
Relevant government actors:The Governorate of Al Hasaka
GAV Relief and Development
The Class Peasant Union
The Union of Intellectuals in the Gezira Region

The Union of Agricultural Engineers
The Union of Teachers of North and East Syria
International and Finance InstitutionsThe United Nations (UN)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:PAX for Peace (https: //
The Syrian Observatory for human rights (
Human Rights Watch
The Center for Violations Documentation in Syria (
The Humanitarian Practice Network (
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Health ImpactsVisible: Infectious diseases
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Turkey continues to use water as a weapon of war in the area while the locals have no choice but to buy water or flee the area [19].
Sources & Materials

[1] Shared Tributaries of the Euphrates River
[click to view]

[2] Syria’s Hasakah Farmers Fear Of Al-Khabour River Drought
[click to view]

[3] Questions and Answers: Turkey’s Threatened Incursion into Northern Syria
[click to view]

[4] Displacement and Despair: The Turkish Invasion of Northeast Syria
[click to view]

[5] Drought invades northeastern Syria. Millions of people are expected to flee
[click to view]

[6] Syria announces the dryness of the Khabour River because of Turkey
[click to view]

[7] Humanitarian impact of the military operation in north-eastern Syria as of 11 October 2019
[click to view]

[8] Up to 1 million people at risk due to severe interruptions to Alouk Water Station
[click to view]

[9] Killing the Khabur: How Turkish-backed armed groups blocked northeast Syria’s water lifeline
[click to view]

[click to view]

[11] Interruption to key water station in the northeast of Syria puts 460,000 people at risk as efforts ramp up to prevent the spread of Coronavirus disease
[click to view]

[12] Syria drought: Farmers blame Turkish dams for low river levels
[click to view]

[13] The drying up of the Khabour River threatens a humanitarian catastrophe after Turkey impounded the Euphrates waters coming to Syria
[click to view]

[14] Turkey causes immeasurable suffering to al- Hasakah, Deir-ez Zor residents
[click to view]

[15] The prevalence of leishmaniasis in villages along the banks of the Khabour River
[click to view]

[16] Syria. Protests in Al-Hasakah over Turkey cutting off water
[click to view]

[17] Teachers and students of Syria’s Hasakah protest against water cut off by Turkey
[click to view]

[18] In protest against the cutting of the Euphrates water.. the people of Kobani prevent the conduct of a joint Russian-Turkish patrol in their areas, and 124 organizations call on the international community to intervene and oblige Turkey to the rules of water sharing
[click to view]

[19] For the 37th consecutive day | Alouk water station goes out of service with Turkey using water as pressuring weapon
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Angham Daiyoub, Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona
Last update15/02/2023
Conflict ID:6269
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