Last update:
2017-01-31

The Guahory Crisis, Paraguay

The Brazilian soy plantations are expanding in Guahory, Caaguazú, leading to the displacement of peasant families. Although the ownership of the lands is unclear, the police violently intervened to protect and support the soy producers.


Description:

In this conflict between Brazilian soybean planters and Paraguayan peasants, on September 15th 2016, 200 families were evicted by the police in the Guahory Colony, Tembiaporã District, Caaguazú. Yet, at the time of the eviction, 67 out of the 97 farms were supposed to be in process of expropriation.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:The Guahory Crisis, Paraguay
Country:Paraguay
State or province:Caaguazú
Location of conflict:Tembiaporã
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Agro-toxics
Specific commodities:Land
Soybeans
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Caaguazú is one of the main 3 soy producing regions in the country. This region was, traditionally, a peasant and indigenous territory but soy agribusiness expanded from the 1990s onward –supported by public policies - mainly as a consequence of the entrance of Brazilians and transformed the landscape. This process marginalized family agriculture and displaced peasant and indigenous communities [1][2]. The fact that the department is bordering Brazil facilitated the acquisition of land by Brazilian producers. Nowadays, soy production has become the dominant agricultural activity in the region, occupying 71% of the agricultural land in Caaguazú (2008).

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Project area:1,200
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1000 aprox.
Start of the conflict:15/09/2016
Relevant government actors:National Institut of Rural Development and Land - INDERT-
National Police
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Federación Nacional Campesina http://fncparaguay.blogspot.com.es
CONAMURI
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Land occupation
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Migration/displacement
Repression
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Violence was used during evictions and many families were forced to move to other settlements. Police sided against peasants, allegedly because of corruption.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

1. Rulli, Javiera. "Repúblicas Unidas de la soja: realidades sobre la producción de soja en América del Sur"
[click to view]

3. Fernández Villalba, Nestor (2005) El cultivo de la soja en la agricultura familiar campesina.
[click to view]

2. Guereña, Arantxa (2013) "El Espejismo de la Soja"
[click to view]

4.- EL CULTIVO DE LA SOJA EN LA AGRICULTURA FAMILIAR CAMPESINA: UN ESTUDIO EN EL DISTRITO DE YHÚ (CAAGUAZÚ PARAGUAY). Nestor Fernández Villalba
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Última hora "Varios campesinos detenidos por incidentes en Guahory" (online newspaper)
[click to view]

Hoy "Guahory labriegos detenidos por atacar con honditas" (online newspaper)
[click to view]

Telesur "Paraguay Police Repress Displaced Campesinos Fighting for Land" (tv website)
[click to view]

ABC Color "Indert dice que solución está cerca, pero para FNC crisis recién empieza" (newspaper)
[click to view]

8 de enero de 2017. Guahory: Campesinos cuentan cómo fue el enfrentamiento con policías. Miembros de la Federación Nacional Campesina (FNC) comentaron que un total de 160 familias ocupan las tierras de Guahory en Caaguazú, tratando de producir en el sitio. Sin embargo, fueron desalojadas tras un enfrenamiento con la Policía Nacional...
[click to view]

18 de septiembre de 2016. Desalojo en Guahory habría sido "financiado" por brasiguayos. Las fuerzas de seguridad habrían recibido una fuerte suma de dinero para desalojar a campesinos de la colonia Guahory, del departamento de Caaguazú, según confesaron los brasiguayos que reclamaban la medida judicial.
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Reprimen a campesinos para que brasileños siembren soja

— enero 3, 2017. Otra violenta represión policial se realizó en Guahory, Primera Línea. Marcial Gómez, de la Federación Nacional Campesina, comentó en la Ronda Nacional de Emisoras que hay aproximadamente 20 detenidos.
[click to view]

Other documents

Peasants march in Asuncion September 2016
[click to view]

Protest in front of the Ministry of Interior, Asunción (5th January 2017)
[click to view]

[click to view]

"Guahory es del pueblo paraguayo" : protest in front of the Ministry of Interior, Asuncionnción (5th January 2017)
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Clàudia Custodio, Lund University. Contact: [email protected]
Last update31/01/2017
Comments
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