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The Guahory Crisis, Paraguay

The Brazilian soy plantations are expanding in Guahory, Caaguazú, leading to the displacement of peasant families. Although the ownership of the lands is unclear, the police violently intervened to protect and support the soy producers.


In this conflict between Brazilian soybean planters and Paraguayan peasants, on September 15th 2016, 200 families were evicted by the police in the Guahory Colony, Tembiaporã District, Caaguazú. Yet, at the time of the eviction, 67 out of the 97 farms were supposed to be in process of expropriation.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:The Guahory Crisis, Paraguay
State or province:Caaguazú
Location of conflict:Tembiaporã
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Caaguazú is one of the main 3 soy producing regions in the country. This region was, traditionally, a peasant and indigenous territory but soy agribusiness expanded from the 1990s onward –supported by public policies - mainly as a consequence of the entrance of Brazilians and transformed the landscape. This process marginalized family agriculture and displaced peasant and indigenous communities [1][2]. The fact that the department is bordering Brazil facilitated the acquisition of land by Brazilian producers. Nowadays, soy production has become the dominant agricultural activity in the region, occupying 71% of the agricultural land in Caaguazú (2008).

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Project area:1,200
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1000 aprox.
Start of the conflict:15/09/2016
Relevant government actors:National Institut of Rural Development and Land - INDERT-
National Police
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Federación Nacional Campesina
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Land occupation
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Violence was used during evictions and many families were forced to move to other settlements. Police sided against peasants, allegedly because of corruption.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

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3. Fernández Villalba, Nestor (2005) El cultivo de la soja en la agricultura familiar campesina.
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1. Rulli, Javiera. "Repúblicas Unidas de la soja: realidades sobre la producción de soja en América del Sur"
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2. Guereña, Arantxa (2013) "El Espejismo de la Soja"
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Hoy "Guahory labriegos detenidos por atacar con honditas" (online newspaper)
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ABC Color "Indert dice que solución está cerca, pero para FNC crisis recién empieza" (newspaper)
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Telesur "Paraguay Police Repress Displaced Campesinos Fighting for Land" (tv website)
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Última hora "Varios campesinos detenidos por incidentes en Guahory" (online newspaper)
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8 de enero de 2017. Guahory: Campesinos cuentan cómo fue el enfrentamiento con policías. Miembros de la Federación Nacional Campesina (FNC) comentaron que un total de 160 familias ocupan las tierras de Guahory en Caaguazú, tratando de producir en el sitio. Sin embargo, fueron desalojadas tras un enfrenamiento con la Policía Nacional...
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18 de septiembre de 2016. Desalojo en Guahory habría sido "financiado" por brasiguayos. Las fuerzas de seguridad habrían recibido una fuerte suma de dinero para desalojar a campesinos de la colonia Guahory, del departamento de Caaguazú, según confesaron los brasiguayos que reclamaban la medida judicial.
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Reprimen a campesinos para que brasileños siembren soja

— enero 3, 2017. Otra violenta represión policial se realizó en Guahory, Primera Línea. Marcial Gómez, de la Federación Nacional Campesina, comentó en la Ronda Nacional de Emisoras que hay aproximadamente 20 detenidos.
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Meta information
Contributor:Clàudia Custodio, Lund University. Contact: [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2564
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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