Last update:
2018-10-18

The impacts of fishing agreements with Chinese investors in Madagascar

The new fisheries investment agreement between Madagascar and China in September 2018 raises concerns of small-scale fisher communities wanting to avoid outside grabbing of their marine resources.


Description:

The expansion of industrial capture fisheries leads to new bilateral or multilateral fishing agreements between African countries and foreign investors from countries like China and European Union [1, 2, 3, 4, 6]. In September 2018, at the the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, Madagascar has been exposed to a new 10-years of investment agreement with China. The agreement was made between the Malagasy Agency for Economic Development and Promotion of Enterprises, and the Chinese business consortium, Taihe Century Investments Developments Corporation, and presented as part of Madagascar’s blue economy initiative [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:The impacts of fishing agreements with Chinese investors in Madagascar
Country:Madagascar
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Aquaculture and fisheries
Specific commodities:Fish
Project Details and Actors
Project details

In September 2018, at the the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, the president of Madagascar agreed wih a new 10-years of fishing investment with China. The agreement was made between the Malagasy Agency for Economic Development and Promotion of Enterprises, and the Chinese business consortium, Taihe Century Investments Developments Corporation, and has been presented as part of Madagascar’s blue economy initiative [1, 4].

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Level of Investment:2,700,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:500,000-1,000,000
Start of the conflict:05/09/2018
Company names or state enterprises:Taihe Century Investments Developments Corporation
Relevant government actors:L’Agence Malagasy de Développement Economique et de Promotion des Entreprises (Malagasy Agency for Economic Development-AMDP)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:MIHARY network: https://mihari-network.org/, https://www.facebook.com/miharinetwork/;
Transparency International initiative Madagascar:
https://transparency.mg/menace-sur-l-economie-bleue-a-madagascar
Fishers' organizations
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsCollapse of fish stocks
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsLoss of small-scale fishing sector and food sovereignty
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Development of alternatives:Local fisher people ask both for the protection of their marine resources and for their rights to use these resources. They do not want to allow the increase of the fishing fleet and captures with the arrival of Chinese vessels, which might lead to the collapse of fish stocks.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The new fishing agreement between Madagascar and China has already a lack of transparency, which might lead to a high level of corruption as well as the grabbing of marine resources from local small-scale fisher people to foreign Chinese investors with a big industrial fishing fleet.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Acuerdo de Colaboración Sostenible en el Sector Pesquero entre UE y Madagascar [3]
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Fisheries in the ESA-IO Region: Profile and Trends (FAO 2014, Country Review, Smartfish Programme) [5]
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Un acuerdo entre Madagascar y China incluirá la llegada de 330 buques a la costa africana (Europa Azul, 23.09.2018) [2]
[click to view]

Madagascar gives 10 year fisheries agreement to Chinese consortium (Andre Standing, CAPE-CFFA, 22.09.2018) [4]
[click to view]

Polémique due to a new fishing agreement in Madagascar (RFI Afrique, 08.10.2018) [1]
[click to view]

Concerns soar over Sustainability of Madagascar-Chinese Fisheries Deal (MIHARY, 12.10.2018) [9]
[click to view]

Avaaz petition to cancel the agreement between madagascar and China [10]
[click to view]

Madagascar Agrees To A 10 Year Fisheries Agreement With Chinese Consortium (Stop Illegal Fishing, 22.09.2018) [7]
[click to view]

Economie bleue : Inquiétude des petits pêcheurs face à l’entrée en force des Chinois (19.09.2018) [6]
[click to view]

Economie bleue: Un investisement de 2,7 milliards USD contrcté avec la Chine (Press release, September 2018) [8]
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video of AMDP on Blue Economy
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Irmak Ertör, ENVJUSTICE Project, ICTA-UAB
Last update18/08/2019
Comments
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