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The New Reppie Incinerator at Koshe Landfill in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In August 2018, Reppie, Africa's first waste to energy incinerator, was inaugurated at the Koshe landfill site, on the outskirts of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The project's completion threatens waste picker livelihoods by burning recyclable materials.


On Sunday, August 19th 2018, the Reppie waste to energy incinerator was inaugurated at the Koshe landfill site, on the outskirts of Addis Ababa [1]. The 118 million-dollar [2] project is the result of a partnership between the Government of Ethiopia and a consortium of international companies: Cambridge Industries Limited (Singapore), China National Electric Engineering and Ramboll, a Danish engineering firm [3]. The new plant burns rubbish and uses the heat to boil water and generate the steam needed to drive two turbine generators [4]. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:The New Reppie Incinerator at Koshe Landfill in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
State or province:Addis Ababa
Location of conflict:Addis Ababa
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Waste privatisation conflicts / waste-picker access to waste
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Recycled Metals
Project Details and Actors
Project details

1,400 tons of waste burned daily [8], 350,000 tons of waste burned annually [2].

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Project area:19
Level of Investment for the conflictive project118,000,000 [2]
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:500-600 waste pickers [11].
Start of the conflict:24/11/2017
Company names or state enterprises:Cambridge Industries Limited from Singapore - Provider of capital/technology
China National Electric Engineering Corporation (CNEEC) from China
Ramboll from Denmark
Relevant government actors:Government of Ethiopia
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Wastepickers, recyclers
Forms of mobilization:Land occupation
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Soil contamination
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths, Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Repression
Proposal and development of alternatives: Global Alliance of Incinerator Alternatives
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The incinerator is still in operation, and it is not likely that the industry or the government has found a way to secure waste picker employment
Sources & Materials

[1] Africa's first Waste-to-Energy Plant launched in Ethiopia
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[3] Ethiopia’s waste-to-energy plant is a first in Africa
[click to view]

[4] This African city is turning a mountain of trash into energy
[click to view]

[5] Formal and Informal Actors in Addis Ababa's Solid Waste Management System
[click to view]

[6] Africa's First waste-to-energy-plant set up in Addis Ababa
[click to view]

[7] Women bear the brunt of Africa’s urban disasters, such as the collapse of landfills
[click to view]

[8] Ethiopia opens Africa's first waste-to-energy facility
[click to view]

[9] Addis Ababa Landfill Tragedy Is Just The Tip Of The Iceberg
[click to view]

[click to view]

[11] Recognise Informal Waste Pickers To Avoid Future Disasters Like Koshe
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Rickie Cleere, University of Bayreuth - ICTA, [email protected]
Last update07/10/2020
Conflict ID:4128
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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