Burkina Faso is a major producer and exporter of high quality cotton. It has gone through the experience of large scale planting Bt cotton provided by Monsanto, a GMO variety. Farmers had no much choice given the marketing structure for the cotton crop, its financing and inputs. SOFITEX (a state company) and two smaller private companies dictates what cotton farmers plant. Large scale planting of Bt cotton started in 2008, and by 2009, 128,000 ha of Bt cotton had been planted (1). Seven years later Bt cotton is being phased out after showing a marked decline in fibre quality compared to conventional Burinabé cotton. (1) In 2015 there were street demonstrations in the capital against Monsanto (5). By 2016-17 Burkina Faso, Africa's top cotton producer and the sole West African nation to venture into biotech farming, was phasing out genetically-modified cotton on quality grounds. The world's 10th largest cotton producer, with three to four million of its 19 million people dependent on the cotton, Burkina Faso said it was giving up Monsanto's GM Bt cotton because it had proved uneconomical: love price of the crop, and more expensive inputs. Burkina's Inter-professional Cotton Association, grouping the country's main producers and the national cotton farmers' union, is now targeting "100 percent conventional" production, announced Wilfried Yameogo, director of Sofitex, Burkina Faso's main cotton company. The goverment asked Monsanto to pay for the damage caused, and after some years an agreement was reached in 2017. The events in Burkina Faso have had an echo in India (Andhra Pradesh) where there are also criticisms against Monsanto Bt cotton (3), (4).