Last update:
2019-08-07

Roma families in Kochani at risk of displacement due to housing development projects, Macedonia

More than hundred people are threatened by displacement due to housing development projects of a private university. They now live in precarious conditions with no sufficient access to water. Children in particular are exposed to infectious diseases.


Description:

Military barrack called 'ASNOM'  is home to 24 Roma families, or 110 individuals, out of which there are 45 children, six babies, two pregnant women and ten elderly persons by October 2019. The Roma has been living in the military barrack "ASNOM" for up to 30 years [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Roma families in Kochani at risk of displacement due to housing development projects, Macedonia
Country:Macedonia, FYR
State or province:Kocani
Location of conflict:Kocani
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Urban development conflicts
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:01/01/1998
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:The European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Repression
Development of alternatives:Roma continues to live under substandard living conditions for almost 30 years without having access to sufficient water, exposed to constant danger because of improvised electricity and old almost collapsing building. As of 2019, there was not any dislocation taking place.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) - Brussels sent official letter to the municipality of Kochani requiring securing social housing to the Roma. The municipality is obliged to respond by 15th of September 2019. If not, the ERRC will take the case to the court. The municipality did not take any action so far, as they said due to lack of financial support.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2]Will there be a solution for 24 Roma families from the Old barracks in Kocani? Roma feel forgotten!
[click to view]

[1] Data based on fieldwork activities in the military barrack 'ASNOM' , Kochani undertaken by Mustafa Asanovski on 20.07.2019.

Other documents

Picture taken of the military barrack 'ASNOM', Kochani Theere are only two public water taps which all families use.
[click to view]

Picture taken of the military barrack 'ASNOM', Kochani Improvised electricity is a source of constant danger.
[click to view]

Picture taken of the military barrack 'ASNOM', Kochani The building is about to collapse.
[click to view]

Picture taken of the military barrack 'ASNOM', Kochani A garbage container nearby the military barracks which is also used by non-Roma. This container is excluded from the garbage collection organized by the municipality.
[click to view]

Picture taken of the military barrack 'ASNOM', Kochani Military barrack 'ASNOM'.
[click to view]

Picture taken of the military barrack 'ASNOM', Kochani A garbage container nearby the military barracks which is also used by non-Roma. This container is excluded from the garbage collection organized by the municipality.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Mustafa Asanovski. E-mail: [email protected]
Last update07/08/2019
Comments
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