Last update:
2018-12-02

Tours-Bordeaux LGV, France

The French LGV between Tours and Bordeaux is not a perfect story. There is impact on the territory (in theory compensated by new green spaces) and much noise pollution.


Description:

The new LGV construction between Tours and Bordeaux is a huge project of 302 kilometers which permits many advantages. In a first place, this project has to permit a more efficient link between the territory and the European capitals like Paris, London or Amsterdam. Inaugurated in July 2017, the construction was built for 5 years as from 2012. However, a huge project like this one includes also many ecological problems and questionable ethics. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Tours-Bordeaux LGV, France
Country:France
State or province:West France
Location of conflict:Bordeaux-Tours
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The LGV Tours-Bordeaux is part of an extension of the TGV in France, from Tours to Bordeaux and from Bordeaux to Toulouse. It was inaugurated in 2017.It was recognised that 3,500 hectares of forest and agricultural lands would be damaged in the lign Tours-Bordeaux, and that this would be "compensated for" by new green spaces. Another main complaints was the noise produced by the high speed trains.

Project area:3,500
Level of Investment:9,000,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:113 municipalities
Start of the conflict:01/01/2017
Company names or state enterprises:Bouygues Travaux Publics from France
Vinci Construction from France
Relevant government actors:French government, Minister for the Environment.
European Union
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and Development (ERBD)
French government from France
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Association France Nature Environnement.
Aquitaine :
Fédération SEPANSO Aquitaine (fédération regroupant 41 associations de protection de l’environnement adhérentes ou affiliées),
Fédération Aquitaine Alternatives
Occitanie :
Alternative LGV Midi-Pyrénées (regroupant 12 associations),
Association Actival
Lot-et-Garonne :
Coordination 47 (regroupant 10 associations),
Association Très Grande Vigilance en Albret,
Association Très Grande Vigilance du Bruilhois et de l’Agenais
Association de Sauvegarde des Landes et Coteaux de Gascogne
Landes :
Association Les Amis de la Terre Landes,
Association de Coordination des Citoyens et Riverains Landais (ACCRIL)
Pays Basque :
Collectif des Associations de Défense de l’Environnement (CADE) (regroupant 58 associations de défense de l’environnement du Pays basque et du sud des Landes).
Gironde :
Association Les Amis du Barthos,
Association Landes Environnement Attitude (LEA),
Association Landes Graves Palus Environnement (LGPE),
Association Sauvons notre Espace de Vie et notre Environnement (SEVE),
Association Vive la forêt,
Association Naturjalles,
Association Bassin d’Arcachon Ecologie.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Noise pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Development of alternatives:The project was qualified by opposing nature-protection groups as a Grand Projet Inutile Imposé (GPII), like others in Europe.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Because of the non-respect for the ecological laws, the companies in charge of the construction have to rebuild 3500 green hectares. But destruction of nature is irreversible, and the noise and other damage will continue.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

"La LGV Tours-Bordeaux inaugurée malgré tout" - mobilicités.com, Florence GUERNALEC/AFP, 02/28/2018
[click to view]

"La ligne à grande vitesse Tours-Bordeaux va devenir la plus grande concession d'Europe" - econostrum.info, Frederic DUBRESSY, 06/17/2018
[click to view]

"1 an de la LGV Paris-Bordeaux, toutes les promesses ne sont pas tenues" - France 3 Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Yleanna ROBERT, 07/02/2018
[click to view]

"LGV Paris-Bordeaux : la riverains exaspérés par les nuissances sonores" - Le Figaro.fr, Emmanuelle OESTERLE, 07/25/2017
[click to view]

"Polémique autour de l'impact environmental de la LGV Paris-Bordeaux" - batiactu, Anonymous, 12/13/2016
[click to view]

"LGV Tours-Bordeaux : un massacre environmental ?" - France Bleu, Yohan NICOLAS, 12/13/2016
[click to view]

"LGV Bordeaux-Toulouse : les associations de protection de la nature interpellent Nicolas Hulot" - actu.fr, Rédaction LANGON, 03/01/2018
[click to view]

"La LGV Tours-Bordeaux, première ligne ferrovière sous concession privée" - Le Monde économie, Eric BEZAT, 03/01/2018
[click to view]

"Le paradoxe de la nouvelle ligne TGV Paris-Bordeaux" - Les Echos.fr, Lionel STEINMANN, 06/29/2018
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Environ 400 personnes sont venues d'Indre-Loire, des Charentes et du département de la Vienne pour marquer leur détermination à lutter contre les nuisances sonores, esthétiques et les vibrations du TGV qui passe sur la nouvelle ligne Tours-Bordeaux. 7/10/2017.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:BECQUART Chloé, ESSCA, [email protected] / SEJOURNE Louis-Etienne, ESSCA, [email protected]
Last update02/12/2018
Comments
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