Last update:
2014-06-24

Threats facing the Tana River Primate Reserve, Kenya

Description:

The Tana River Primate Reserve was established in 1976 to protect the remaining forest along the Tana River and the most threatened primate species, which are; the Tana River Red Colobus and the Tana River Mangabey, both endemic to the forests of lower Tana River. These species are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, which has increased in recent years.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Threats facing the Tana River Primate Reserve, Kenya
Country:Kenya
State or province:Coast
Location of conflict:Tana River
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Deforestation
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Other
Specific commodities:Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The Tana River Primate Reserve was established in 1976 to protect the remaining forest along the Tana River and the most threatened primate species, which are; the Tana River Red Colobus and the Tana River Mangabey, both endemic to the forests of lower Tana River. These species are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, which has increased in recent years.

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Project area:17,100
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:30,000-50,000
Relevant government actors:Kenya Wildlife Service, Kenya Forest Service, National Environment Management Authority
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Global Environment Facility (GEF) from United States of America
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Northern Rangelands Trust, Institute of Primate Research, Rutgers University
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Women
Pokomo
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Street protest/marches
Naked protests by Pokomo women
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Strengthening of participation
Development of alternatives:Involving the local community in programs aimed at conservation of the reserve, in order to create a sense of ownership.
Encouraging protection of primates habitat outside the reserve through planned development and agricultural activities.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Protecting the endemic and endangered primate species in the Tana River Primate Reserve has been a challenge. The World Bank tried to implement a project that involved relocating the local community which faced a lot of resistance. Kenya Wildlife Service and the Institute of Primate Research have taken lead in adopting an approach that involves the local community in conservation. However, issues of proposed developments in the region and large scale farming projects still pose a threat to the primates habitat outside the reserve.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Forest Act; Wildlife Conservation and Management Act, Environmental Management and Cordination Act

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Kenya Wildlife Service
[click to view]

UNESCO
[click to view]

IUCN
[click to view]

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
[click to view]

Machuhi E (2010) ‘World Bank Ordered to Pay Villagers Sh634 Million for Land’, Daily Nation, 19 April 2010.

Meta information
Contributor:Serah Munguti
Last update24/06/2014
Comments
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