|Project Details||The coal mine and coal power plant is in the village of Tigyit, Shan State, about 20 km from Myanmar’s Inle Lake. |
According to the 2011 report , there are 16 large-scale coal deposits in Myanmar with a total of coal resources amounting to 270 million tons. Tigyit has an estimated deposit of 20.02 million tons of coal (Lignite and sub-bituminous). At the time of publishing the report, the Tigyit project was Myanmar’s biggest open pit coal mine, producing between 1,750 and 2,000 tons of coal/day. Smaller amounts of coal have also been extracted through tunnel mines, located under farmlands and paddy fields. Produced coal is transported to the Tigyit coal power plant.
The Tigyit mine was implemented by China National Heavy Machinery Corporation (CHMC) and the Burmese companies Eden Group and Shan Yoma Nagar .
Investment for excavation between 2002 and 2011 was estimated to amount to 10 million USD .
THE POWER PLANT:
The coal power plant is about 2km away from the mine. According to the 2011 report, the Tigyit power plant uses about 640,000 tons of coal/year to produce about 600 GWh annually. The plant has a capacity of 120 MW .
The produced electricity is then slated to nearby industries, including the nearby Pinpet iron factory, operated by Russian and Italian companies .
The power plant has been operated by China National Heavy Machinery Corporation Company (CHMC), Eden Group of Myanmar and Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise (MEPE). Investment cost was estimated (in 2011) to amount to about 43 million USD .
During operation, about 100-159 tons of fly ash is generated per day. Fly ash contains heavy metals such as mercury, lead and arsenic .
Upgrading conducted during 2016 has been carried out by the Chinese company Wuxi Huagaung Electric Power Engineering [4,5].
|Project Area (in hectares)||202|
|Level of Investment (in USD)||> 53,000,000 USD (mine and plant, 2001-2011)|
|Type of Population||Rural|
|Potential Affected Population||12,000|
|Company Names or State Enterprises||Wuxi Huagaung Electric Power Engineering from China - operating company - since 2015|
Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise ( MEPE) from Myanmar
China National Heavy Machinery Corporation (CHMC) from China - operating company
Eden Group of Myanmar Co. Ltd from Myanmar - operating company
Shan Yoma Naga Co. Ltd from Myanmar - operating company
|Relevant government actors||Burma’s past military regime|
Ministry of Mining
Ministry of Energy
|Environmental justice organisations and other supporters||Pa-Oh Youth Organization (PYO), http://paoyouthorganization.blogspot.com/|
Kyoju Action Network (KAN)
Myanmar Alliance for Transparency and Accountability (MATA), http://www.mata-nrg.org/