Tipaimukh Dam, India


Tipaimukh dam has become a major concern for the people of Manipur and Mizoram and also a controversial political issue between India and Bangladesh. With India and Bangladesh sharing 54 rivers amongst them water has always been a point of contention between the two. The rock filled hydro electric dam to be located on the border of Kolashib district of Mizoram and Churachandpur district of Manipur near the confluence of Tuivai River and the Barak River has met with a lot of resistance on both sides of the border with a slew of objections from the Bangladeshi side as well as protests from the North Indian states.

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Basic Data
NameTipaimukh Dam, India
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe dam on the Mizoram-Manipur border is expected to generate 412 MW of hydel power and tame floods in south Assam. The proposed dam will be 163 metre high and will submerge at least 275 km2 of land.

Project Area (in hectares)120000
Level of Investment (in USD)1600000000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Hydro Power Company of India from India
Sutlej Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd. from India
Relevant government actorsManipur government, Government of India, Government of Bangladesh
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Commission on Dams (WCD)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersThe Tipaimukh Dam Affected People’s Association in Mizoram, International Rivers
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesAs the area is earthquake prone, all kind of large dam construction should be stopped.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The Tipaimukh Dam Affected People’s Association in Mizoram has warned against any move to build the Tipaimukh dam as a newly constituted India-Bangladesh sub-committee is preparing to give the long-stalled project a fresh impetus.

The Bangladeshi civil society groups, media as well the opposition parties have come out strongly against the project especially after the signing of the Promoters Agreement and have put pressure on its government to take up the issue with India.

Although India has assured Bangladesh that it would not have any adverse impact on the country but a strong sentiment against the dam is already prevalent there.

Government of India also invited group of Bangladeshi experts to survey the proposed dam.

India on its part has been giving repeated assurances to Bangladesh about the safety of the project and it not adversely impacting it in any way. Tipaimukh features in the Joint Communiqué that was signed between India and Bangladesh during Shaikh Hasina’s visit in 2010. The Indian government in the 37th meeting of the Joint Rivers Commission in March 2010 gave the assurance that they would not take any step under the Tipaimukh project that might harm Bangladesh. The Indian PM during his September 2011 also gave the same assurance.
Sources and Materials

Zakir Kibria, Executive Director of the NGO BanglaPraxis
[click to view]


International Rivers
[click to view]

Will never allow dam to be built: Villagers
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Bangladesh on the Tipaimukh Dam: A Print Media Analysis
[click to view]

Dialectics of Tipaimukh Dam: Issues and Concerns
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Tipaimukh Dam: Some Myths, Some Facts
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Tipaimukh dam to be delayed
[click to view]

In Bangladesh, Tipaimukh dam pact sparks fresh row
[click to view]

টিপাইমুখ প্রকল্প নতুন করে পর্যালোচনার দাবি (in Bengali)
[click to view]

Media Links

Tipaimukh Dam: Indian lawmaker supports concerns (in Bengali)
[click to view]

The effect of Tipaimukh Dam on Bangladesh
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar patra
Last update08/04/2014