Last update:
2014-05-14

Titiribí, Antioquia, Colombia

Description:

Se presenta un conflicto entre las grandes empresas mineras (Gran Colombia Gold y Sunward Resources) y la pequeña mineria.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Titiribí, Antioquia, Colombia
Country:Colombia
State or province:Antioquia
Location of conflict:Titiribí
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Mineral ore exploration
Land acquisition conflicts
Mineral processing
Specific commodities:Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Sunward Resources, the 100%-owned Titiribi Project is located approximately 70 km southwest of the city of Medellin, Colombia, in Antioquia department, within the historical Titiribi mining district (estimated total production of 1.5 to 2 million ounces gold equivalent). Access is by paved highway from Medellin.

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Project area:4,000
Level of Investment:4500000000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:500
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Gran Colombia Gold from Canada
Sunward Resources Ltd. from Canada
Relevant government actors:Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, Gobernacion de Antioquia, Policia Nacional, Corporacion Autonoma Regional de Antioquia, Instituto Colombiano de Geologia y Mineria (Ingeominas), Alcaldia del Municipio de Titiribí
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Censat Agua Viva - Colombia, Cedetrabajo, Pequeños y medianos mineros
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Farmers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Land demarcation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:El caso de exploracion y explotacion en el municipio de Titiribí no puede ser considerado un caso de Justicia Ambiental debido a que en este momento el panorama normativo colombiano y municipal en materia minera respalda y promueve la implementacion de megamineria en la zona. Los titulos mineros se mantienen en manos de las multinacionales de origen canadiense, dejando solo el 2% de la riqueza total, asi como tambien enormes pasivos ambientales para la region.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

El Código de Minas (Ley 685 de 2001) Tiene como objetivos fomentar la exploración técnica y la explotación de los recursos mineros de propiedad estatal y privada, conforme a principios y normas de

explotación racional de los recursos naturales no renovables y del ambiente.

El Código de Recursos Naturales: Esta norma surgió en 1974 como

principal respuesta de Colombia ante los acuerdos alcanzados en la Conferencia de Estocolmo sobre Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo.

PLAN DE DESARROLLO MUNICIPAL 2012-2015 “TITIRIBÍ…CONSTRUYENDO JUNTOS”.
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Fierro, Julio. (2012) Politicas Mineras en Colombia. Bogota.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Gran Colombia Gold
[click to view]

Megaminas en Colombia
[click to view]

El Colombiano
[click to view]

Sunward Resources Ltd.
[click to view]

Other comments:Informacion sobre reservas estimadas, 2013, https://ca.finance.yahoo.com/news/sunward-significantly-increases-measured-resources-124500505.html
Meta information
Contributor:Mario Perez Rincon
Last update14/05/2014
Comments
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