Petroleum resources are exploited in Western Sahara by multinational companies, under the approval of Moroccan government. In 2001, Morocco´s Office National des Hydrocarbures et des Mines (ONHYM) granted two licenses to exploit petroleum in Western Sahara to TotalFinaElf (France) and Kosmos Energy (USA). The contract for the actual extraction of oil found in the area went to the French company TotalFinaElf (now Total S.A.) on October 20th, 2001. Though they officially withdrew from the territory in 2004, Total´s activities resurfaced in 2011 with a reconnaissance license for the biggest oil block located in the southern waters of Western Sahara (pink block on map above). In 2012, the license was renewed by Total S.A. for a twelve-month period of seismic exploration of a block called Anzarane Offshore, which was carried within this 100,927 square kilometer block out during 2012 and 2013. In December 2015, Total S.A. announced that it would not prolong its reconnaissance contract, as the initial results were not convincing. This decision comes on the heels of the denial by the Court of Justice for the EU of an EU-Moroccan trade agreement due to its inclusion of Western Sahara. Morocco has been accused of failing to respect the UN Charter in regards to its dealings with Western Sahara, which it illegally annexed during the past 40 years since 1975.