Transport Corridor Vc - LOT 3, Bosnia and Herzegovina


The Motorway on the Corridor Vc is a part of the Trans-European ground corridor network connecting the central part of the Adriatic Sea coast with Budapest in Hungary. Corridor Vc stretches from Kaliningrad (Russia) in the North to Ploče (Croatia) in the South. The Corridor, 330 km long, runs North-South through the heart of Bosnia & Herzogovina, passing through ecologically important areas such as the Bosna and Neretva River valleys. The potential environmental impacts of the proposed motorway have been assessed in four separate Environmental Impact Assessment reports over the full length of the route, which has been divided into four sections. Of particular concern to the NGO Fondeko are the possible impacts of the motorway in the 3rd section which runs from Sarajevo South (Tarcin) – to Mostar North. This section runs through a 6.4 km long tunnel under the Prenj Mountain, bordering on the future Prenj-Cvrsnica-Cabulja National Park, designated for preservation due to its extraordinary biological and geomorphologic diversity which includes an endemic sub-mountain forest of Bosnian pine (Pinus heldeichii). Despite numerous attempts to point out the unsuitability of this motorway passing near the future national park, the attempts of NGO FONDEKO to propose an alternative route have been ignored by authorities. This NGO continues to use all varieties of media (radio, TV, journals) to point out the potential problem, but so far without success.

Basic Data
NameTransport Corridor Vc - LOT 3, Bosnia and Herzegovina
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
SitePrenj mountain, Prenj-Cvrsnica-Cabulja National Park
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesTransport services
Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsConstruction is to be financed by parallel loans from the EBRD (€180 million1) and EIB €300 million);

• The beneficiary is the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina

• The Federation/ Republica Srpska (RS) section runs for 336 km;

• The loan was to be split into two tranches, with the construction work to be completed in 2012; As at 2nd quarter 2011 the project had been delayed by approximately 18 months.
Project Area (in hectares)99,500
Level of Investment (in USD)480,000,000.00
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population 168,728
Start Date01/05/2005
Company Names or State Enterprises Public Company Motorways of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Limited Liability Company ( PC Motorways FB&H) from Bosnia and Herzegovina
Relevant government actorsFederal Ministry for Spatial Planning and Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Water -Supply and Forestry of F BiH, Ministry of Transport and Communications of F BiH, Federal Motorway Directorate
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
European Investment Bank (EIB)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFondeko Association for Stimulation of Sustainable Development and Quality of Life
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Land dispossession, Displacement
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Development of AlternativesAn initiative of an informal group of citizens suggested the starting point in Neum corridor instead of Ploce. FONDEKO has sent the relevant ministries several letters warning about the unsustainability of the route passing through the future National Park. A public appeal was signed by twenty scientists and activists of non-governmental organizations titled 'Save the Prenj ¨.

Planners, while positioning the track, completely ignored the existence of exceptional complex of the future National Park Prenj, Čvrsnica and Čabulja, which together with the Neretva canyon ensemble contains natural heritage of world importance. Planners have rejected suggestions to amend the planed route with a firm decision that the road goes through the very center of the park.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials

Eko akcija - Koridor Vc ugrožava budući nacionalni park
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European Bank for reconstruction and development - Evaluation department
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Transport infrastructure in the region and in Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Priroda BiH - NP “Prenj“ i NP “ Čvrsnica-Čabulja-Vran“ collection
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Ministarstvo komunikacija i transporta - STUDIJA UTICAJA NA OKOLINU (SUO)
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Meta Information
ContributorKatarina; Focus, association for sustainable development; [email protected]
Last update15/07/2014