Last update:
2014-08-27

Trasvase río Guarinó, Colombia

Description:

El río Guarinó recorre 586 Km de Caldas y 169 Km de Tolima; el sitio del trasvase de éste se encuentra a 29 km de su desembocadura en el río Magdalena.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Trasvase río Guarinó, Colombia
Country:Colombia
State or province:Tolima, Caldas
Location of conflict:La Dorada, Mariquita, Fresno, Herveo, Honda, Victoria, Manzanares, Marquetalia y Marulanda.
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

El trasvase del río Guarinó tiene concesión de aguas por un caudal promedio de 28.17 m³/s en el sitio de desvío, y se autorizan caudales de conservación o remanentes de 17,3 m³/s en los meses de verano y en subienda, y de 10,5 m³/s durante los meses húmedos.

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Project area:20,000
Level of Investment:20,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:35,000
Start of the conflict:10/10/1997
Company names or state enterprises:ISAGEN from Colombia
Relevant government actors:Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, Ministerio de Minas y Energía, Agencia Nacional de Licencias Ambientales, Cortolima, Corpocaldas, Defensoría del Pueblo, Ministerio de Vivienda, Contraloría General de la Nación.
International and Finance InstitutionsBanco Centroamericano de Inversión e Infraestructura (BCIE )
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Comité pro defensa del Río Guarinó, Comité intergremial de La Dorada y el Magdalena Medio, Observatorio de Conflictos Ambientales de la Universidad de Caldas, Obscam US
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents
Potential: Accidents, Malnutrition, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Migration/displacement
Repression
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:Revertir los impactos sociales y ambientales del trasvase.
Reparación de las familias que han tenido pérdidas materiales y simbólicas por la desviación del río.
Frenar otros proyectos hidroeléctricos en la región.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Las condiciones y afectaciones que dieron origen al conflicto socioambiental han puesto siempre en desventaja a las comunidades que se ven afectadas, perdiendo sus medios de subsistencia y sus lazos comunitarios, mientras se ha beneficiado la apropiación de los bienes hídricos para la ganacia económica del sector público-privado.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Resolución No 0684 del Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible
[click to view]

Resolución No 359 del 25 de marzo de 2004 del Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible
[click to view]

Ley general Ambiental de Colombia, 99 de 1993
[click to view]

Código de Recursos Naturales
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Remisión a tercero interviniente
[click to view]

"Embestida contra el trasvase del Guarinó"
[click to view]

"En Victoria, el trasvase Guarinó vió la luz"
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

"No al trasvase del río Guarinó"
[click to view]

"Inaguración dle trasavase Guarinó"
[click to view]

"De paseo al río Guarinó"
[click to view]

Other documents

Mapa del proyecto Source: http://www.isagen.com.co/metaInst.jsp?rsc=infoIn_proyectoTrasvaseGuarino
[click to view]

Rio Guarinò Credits: http://fronterainformativa.wordpress.com/2013/01/16/dotan-de-estufas-a-familias-que-viven-en-cuenca-del-rio-guarino-en-marulanda-caldas/
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:CENSAT Agua Viva - Amigos de la Tierra Colombia
Last update27/08/2014
Comments
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