Last update:
2017-01-10

Conflicto de los Mineros Cooperativistas y el Gobierno (Panduro/La Paz), Bolivia

Mining cooperatives exploit wage workers. The conflict between mining cooperativists and the State is mainly economic and social and also environmental. It escalated violently in August 2016.


Description:

La extracción minera está sectorizada en Bolivia en tres: COMIBOL (Corporación Minera Boliviana) que es estatal, los Mineros Cooperativistas, y la Minería Privada.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Conflicto de los Mineros Cooperativistas y el Gobierno (Panduro/La Paz), Bolivia
Country:Bolivia
State or province:La Paz, Cochabamba, Potosí, Oruro, Santa Cruz, Beni, pando
Location of conflict:Panduro, regiones del Altiplano (Este de Potosí y Oruro), sudoeste de Cochabamba, pequeñas concentraciones del oriente (Santa Cruz, Pando, sudeste de Beni)
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Specific commodities:Silver
Copper
Zinc
Nickel
Project Details and Actors
Project details

El conflicto tiene esta raíz: “ (…) todo el mundo sabe que las ‘cooperativas’ mineras no tienen nada de cooperativas; en realidad son empresas, cuyos dueños son los llamados ‘socios’ (y ni siquiera todos) que manejan y explotan a una enorme masa de obreros que no tienen ni seguro social, ni seguro industrial, ni jubilación, ni nada. Y ni siquiera hablamos de las mujeres y del trabajo infantil". (Carlos Peñaranda, Los cooperativistas mineros y el MAS).

Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:100.000, cantidad de trabajadores afiliados a una cooperativa
Start of the conflict:10/08/2016
Relevant government actors:Ministerio de Minería y Metalurgia
Ministerio de Régimen de Interior
Ministerio de Trabajo
Ministerio de Gobierno
Ministerio de Defensa
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local government/political parties
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Sabotage
Street protest/marches
Threats to use arms
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Boycotts of companies-products
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Waste overflow
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Potential: Militarization and increased police presence
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Negotiated alternative solution
Repression
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:El conflicto está en una etapa de escalada. El malestar social y laboral no permite alcanzar una solución de justicia socio-ambiental ni a corto o mediano plazo. Los refuerzos políticos y sociales se enfocan en mitigar las repercusiones y daños sociales primeramente. Mientras tanto se sigue teniendo un mal manejo de desechos minerales e impactando negativamente en los alrededores de las minas cooperativistas.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Reglamento Ambiental para Actividades Mineras
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Eduardo Gudynas, El nuevo Estractivismo Progresista de America del Sur
[click to view]

Cooperativas Mineras en Bolivia, "Formas de Organizacion, produccion y comercializacion"

Autor: Centro de documentacion e Informacion Bolivia
[click to view]

Fundacion PIEB, Fundacion para la Investigacion Estrategica en Bolivia, version online, Tinkasos
[click to view]

Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Bolivia "Cooperativas Mineras en Bolivia, formas de organizacion, produccion y organizacion"
[click to view]

Plataforma Energetica, "Analisis Critico de la Legislacion Minero Ambiental en Bolivia y su Aplicabilidad"
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Centro de Informacion y Documentacion Bolivia
[click to view]

BBC
[click to view]

Periodico Internacional "El Pais"
[click to view]

Correo del Sur, periodico boliviano.
[click to view]

Carlos Peñaranda, Capitalismo extractivista y clientelismo politico.

Los cooperativistas mineros y el MAS. 20 agosto 2016.
[click to view]

Bolivia: mineros secuestraron y mataron al viceministro del Interior
[click to view]

Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Bolivia "CEDIB"
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Matilde Davalos Ruck, Universidad Nur, [email protected]
Last update10/01/2017
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