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Unlawful removal of olive trees and wind energy project in Karaburun, Turkey

The construction of 120 MW wind energy and transformer station was being carried out in Karaburun Municipality; it entails the removal of 2,080 olive trees from a zone designated as a protected olive grove.

This case form has been translated for your convenience by voluntary translators. Therefore, they may contain errors. Any discrepancies or differences created in translating this content from the original version into another language are not binding and have no legal effect. If any questions arise related to the accuracy of the information contained in these translations, please refer to the original version of the case in: Turkish


The construction of 120 MW wind energy and 380KV transformer station is being carried out in Karaburun Municipality; it entails the removal of 2,080 olive trees from a zone designated as an olive grove in the framework of a certified young tree support project of the Ministry of Agriculture and partial dissolving of the public treasury land rental scheme and its transfer to Lodos Electricity Production Inc.; transgression of the Olive Law, unlawful removal of olive trees.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Unlawful removal of olive trees and wind energy project in Karaburun, Turkey
State or province:Izmir
Location of conflict:Yayla Village, Karaburun
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Large-scale wind energy plants
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Olive Trees
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Total installed capacity will be 120 MW: 50 Enercon E-82 type wind turbines are going to be installed, each with a capacity of 2 or 3 MW. (The turbines will be provided by the German company Enercon) Project development also involves the construction of a power distribution unit, improvement of already existing roads and construction of new roads.

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Project area:Confines of 4village
Level of Investment for the conflictive project271,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1000
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Lodos Electricity Production Inc. from Turkey
Relevant government actors:Karaburun Municipality; Undersecreteriat of Treasury; Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
International and Finance InstitutionsKfW Ipex-Bank (KFW) from Germany
Landesbank Baden-Württemberg from Germany
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Karaburun City Council
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local government/political parties
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Other Health impactsWind turbines syndrome is a potential health effect if the wind generator is constructed at 2km distance from a settlement.
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime
Other socio-economic impactsIncome loss due to the destruction of grazing lands (there are 7000 goats in the region).
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Removal of olive trees and grazing lands destruction have taken place. But a suspension of the project took place later.
Sources & Materials

Financial Dimension of the project at Green Economy web site (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Project Description by Lodos Energy Production Inc (in Turkish):
[click to view]

National Wind Wath Org. Wind turbine project stopped in Karaburun. GÜLSEN CANDEMİR - İZMİR - 7 Mayıs 2015 / Perşembe - ~~
[click to view]

Facebook group representing the villagers opposing the wind farm:
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Facebook group:
[click to view]

Conversation by Republican Peoples Party (CHP) Member of Parliament Musa Cam and Yaylakoy village headman Yusur Arici (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Other comments:Wind energy projects may not be as innocent as environmentalists claim. It is important to see the impacts of wind energy at the Yayla Village, where nature has been destroyed and environmental problems arose due to illegal acts that do not comply with the regulations.
Meta information
Contributor:Mustafa Senbahar on behalf of BOG
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1034
Related conflicts
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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