Unlawful removal of olive trees and wind energy project in Karaburun, Turkey

The construction of 120 MW wind energy and transformer station was being carried out in Karaburun Municipality; it entails the removal of 2,080 olive trees from a zone designated as a protected olive grove.


The construction of 120 MW wind energy and 380KV transformer station is being carried out in Karaburun Municipality; it entails the removal of 2,080 olive trees from a zone designated as an olive grove in the framework of a certified young tree support project of the Ministry of Agriculture and partial dissolving of the public treasury land rental scheme and its transfer to Lodos Electricity Production Inc.; transgression of the Olive Law, unlawful removal of olive trees.

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Basic Data
NameUnlawful removal of olive trees and wind energy project in Karaburun, Turkey
SiteYayla Village, Karaburun
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Olive Trees
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsTotal installed capacity will be 120 MW: 50 Enercon E-82 type wind turbines are going to be installed, each with a capacity of 2 or 3 MW. (The turbines will be provided by the German company Enercon) Project development also involves the construction of a power distribution unit, improvement of already existing roads and construction of new roads.

However, in 2015 it was reported [1] : "The Administrative Court in Ankara has ruled that fifty operating wind turbines in Karaburun be stopped. The locals of Yaylaköy, Karaburun are delighted with the court decision. It is 20 days since the wind turbines stopped working. From the beginning of the struggle to protect their village from the adverse affects from the Wind Power Plants that are spreading all over the peninsula, the local people have finally received good news. The Administrative Court, ruled in April that even if fifty wind turbines are already operating, the activities have to be halted since the environmental damage is irreversible. First an EIA report will have to be issued. The wind turbine company’s request to continue to run their turbines meanwhile, was also denied by the court.


The lawyer Cem Altiparmak said the decision would be a first in the country. Mr. Altiparmak states that there are very few court cases related to renewable energy. “In this area the law is insufficient, there are no precedents, so we have to live it to get experience. A number of license revocation proceedings have started in our country. Our court ruling is one of the first and will have an impact on up-coming cases.”

What has happened?

İzmir Governorship Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urban Development, had issued an “EIA Not Required” to install 166 MW in the Karaburun Peninsula. 8 years later when EMRA issued a new license for another 50 turbines to the same company leaning on the same “EIA Not Required” document , the residents of Yaylaköy and the environmental movement Karaburun City Council sued EMRA – The Energy Market Regulatory Authority.

The court ruled that this is against the law and if allowed to operate the damages will be irreversible, therefore all operations have to be stopped until an EIA investigation has been performed.

The court decision has given hope to the local people as well as other people in Cesme, Bodrum, Datca and Urla where wind turbines projetcs are being planned without any public consultation. All these projects have been issued with an “EIA Not Required”.

Hopefully this Wind turbine project will not be able to operate again and for the first time in years the people in Yaylaköy are able to sleep comfortably and we will continue to work for that, says one man from the village."
Project Area (in hectares)Confines of 4village
Level of Investment (in USD)271,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population1000
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesLodos Electricity Production Inc. from Turkey
Relevant government actorsKaraburun Municipality; Undersecreteriat of Treasury; Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
International and Financial InstitutionsKfW Ipex-Bank (KFW) from Germany
Landesbank Baden-Württemberg from Germany
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersKaraburun City Council
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local government/political parties
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherWind turbines syndrome is a potential health effect if the wind generator is constructed at 2km distance from a settlement.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime
OtherIncome loss due to the destruction of grazing lands (there are 7000 goats in the region).
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Removal of olive trees and grazing lands destruction have taken place. But a suspension of the project took place later.
Sources and Materials

Facebook group representing the villagers opposing the wind farm:
[click to view]

Project Description by Lodos Energy Production Inc (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Financial Dimension of the project at Green Economy web site (in Turkish):
[click to view]

National Wind Wath Org. Wind turbine project stopped in Karaburun. GÜLSEN CANDEMİR - İZMİR - 7 Mayıs 2015 / Perşembe - birgun.net ~~
[click to view]

Media Links

Facebook group:
[click to view]

Conversation by Republican Peoples Party (CHP) Member of Parliament Musa Cam and Yaylakoy village headman Yusur Arici (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Other Documents

Wind turbine project stopped in Karaburun Credit: GÜLSEN CANDEMİR - İZMİR - 7 Mayıs 2015 / Perşembe - birgun.net
[click to view]

Other CommentsWind energy projects may not be as innocent as environmentalists claim. It is important to see the impacts of wind energy at the Yayla Village, where nature has been destroyed and environmental problems arose due to illegal acts that do not comply with the regulations.
Meta Information
ContributorMustafa Senbahar on behalf of BOG
Last update02/04/2017
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