Last update:
2014-04-08

UPM (Ex-Botnia), Uruguay

Description:

UPM (de origen finlandes) es una de las principales productoras de celulosa a nivel global. En Uruguay adquirio -en el 2009- el 100% accionario de Botnia, famosa por el conflicto que genero entre los gobiernos de Uruguay y Argentina a raiz de la instalacion de unas de las fabricas de celulosa mas grande del mundo. UPM es uno de los mayores latifundistas de Uruguay con un total de aprox. 250 mil hectareas de tierra bajo forestacion con eucaliptos destinados a abastecer su fabrica de celulosa ubicada en el Departamento de Rio Negro. Ha ocupado los mejores suelos del pais - suelos de pradera, valiosos ecosistemas- otrora destinados a la produccion de alimentos. La forestacion es una de las causas que llevan al desplazamiento de los productores nacionales, a la concentracion y extranjerizacion de la tierra.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:UPM (Ex-Botnia), Uruguay
Country:Uruguay
Location of conflict:Departamentos de Rio Negro y Paysandu
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Water access rights and entitlements
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific commodities:Cellulose

Eucalyptus
Sugar
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Produccion de celulosa: 1,1 millon de toneladas de celulosa blanqueada por anho, de eucalipto 300 empleos directos en la fabrica de celulosa 250, 000 hectreas forestadas la inversion para la fabrica de celulosa fue de 1.200 millones de dolares

Project area:250000
Level of Investment:1200000000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Company names or state enterprises:UPM from Finland
Relevant government actors:Ministerios de Medio Ambiente, Economia y Finanzas., Presidencia de la republica
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) from Japan
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Grupo Guayubira, WRM
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Pastoralists
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Potential: Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Development of alternatives:Los grupos sociales estan trabajando para frenar el avance de la forestacion con especies exoticas en el pais.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Grupo Guayubira
[click to view]

WRM
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video 'Impactos de la Forestacion en Uruguay'
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Teresa Perez
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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