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Uranium mining proposed within the Amrabad Tiger Reserve, Telangana, India

Environmentalists and Chechus local community against the proposed Uranium mining by the UICL in Nalgonda district and within the Amrabad Tiger Reserve forest, in Telangana.


TThe Amrabad Tiger Reserve (ATR) is one of the bigger Tiger Reserve (TR) in India spreading over the Nallamala hills for 2,800 sq km, in the state of Telangana. This forest is very rich in bio-diversity, with lofty hills, numerous rivers and thick forest areas. It became a TR in 1983 (part of the Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Wildlife Sanctuary, before the bifurcation of the Telangana and Andhra Pradesh state). Beside the rich-biodiversity, this forest is also home of the Chenchus, one of the most vulnerable scheduled tribes in India. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Uranium mining proposed within the Amrabad Tiger Reserve, Telangana, India
State or province:Telangana
Location of conflict:Nalgonda
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Establishment of reserves/national parks
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Uranium extraction
Specific commodities:Biological resources
Live Animals
Fruits and Vegetables
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Amrabad Tiger Reserve was part of 'Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger reserve' but post-bifurcation, the northern part of the reserve is vested with Telangana state and renamed as 'Amrabad Tiger Reserve'. The southern portion continues to be 'NSTR' is with Andhra Pradesh.

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Project area:261,139
Level of Investment for the conflictive project85,300,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:70,000
Start of the conflict:01/02/2003
Company names or state enterprises:Uranium Corporation of India Limited from India
Relevant government actors:Andhra Pradesh State Pollution Control Board
State Minister for Mines and Geology
Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF)
State Board for Wildlife
State Congress party
National Board for Wildlife
Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)
Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Mines, Minerals and People,
Environment Protection Council
Citizens Against Pollution
Movement Against Uranium Project
Jana Vignana Vedika
Human Rights Forum
Centre for Resource and Education
Survival International
Hyderabad Tiger Conservation Society (HyTiCoS)
Telangana Vidyavanthula Vedika's [Telangana Education Forum]
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Chenchus indigenous community
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil contamination
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Land dispossession
Potential: Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite the high mobilization against the uranium mining in the Nallamalai reserve forest area, the mining lease was granted to the company. Moreover, in contradiction with the conservation and tiger protection policies, that have played an important place in Indian Government, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has recommended in-principle approval for a proposal by the central government’s Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) for survey and exploration of uranium over 83 square kilometres in Telangana’s Amrabad Tiger Reserve.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

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[1] Survival international, 'India: Tribe faces eviction from tiger reserve – but uranium exploration approved' , June 15, 2017
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[2] The Hindu, 'Forced out f the Forest', Author: K. Venkateshwarlu & S. Murali, May 06, 2017
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[3] Info collected from Uranium Mining project website
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[4] Down to Earth "Amrabad Tiger Reserve: An Eden under threat", Author: Imran Siddiqui, August 10, 2019
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[5] Down To Earth "Up against uranium", Author: S. Ramakrishna, July 4, 2015
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[8] The Sunday Guardian, 'Chenchus to get Rs 10 lack each to leave Nallamala', Author: S. Rama Krishna, January 30, 2011
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[9] Hindustan Times 'Anger simmers in Andhra Pradesh after Centre clears uranium project in Nallamala forest' Author: Arinavasa Rao Apparasu, April 21, 2017
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[10] Hindustan Times 'Anger simmers in Andhra Pradesh after Centre clears uranium project in Nallamala forest' Author: Arinavasa Rao Apparasu, April 21, 2017
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[13] The Hindu ' No Uranium mining in Amrabad Tiger Reserve forest: Telangana CM' Sept. 15, 2019
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[14] Telangana Today, 'Nallamala forest dwellers protest against uranium exploration' Sept. 9, 2019
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[15] News 18 'Telangana Assembly Passes Unanimous Resolution against Uranium Mining in Nallamala Forest' Sept 16, 2019
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[16] Down To Earth 'India's search for uranium could displace 4,000 in 13 tribal villages of Madhya Pradesh', Jitendra, Aug. 1, 2017
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[18] the Federal 'Protests against uranium exploration in Amrabad forest gains momentum', Suresh Dharur, Sept. 14, 2019
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[20] The Hindu ' Campaign launched to save Amrabad Tiger Reserve from uranium mining', July 28, 2019
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Times of India "State government to issue mining license for Lambapur-Peddagattu project", MAY 22, 2013 IN Wise Uranium Project
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Reuters, 'Enslaved for decades, indigenous Indians freed by land titles', Author: Anuradha Nagaraj, May 30, 2019
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The Hindu ' No Uranium mining in Amrabad Tiger Reserve forest: Telangana CM' Sept. 15, 2019
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Protests against uranium exploration in Amrabad forest gains momentum
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Mongabay 'India’s national animal loses to national interest', Author: Mayank Aggarwal, July 5, 2019
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The Times of India, 'Chenchus stand guard to save the forests of Nallamala', Author: Moulika.KV, Sept 8, 2019

Read more at:
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Independent, 'Digging for uranium in tiger country: Nuclear drive tests India’s commitment to protecting endangered species', Author: Adam Withnall, July 14, 2019
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Plan To Start A Uranium Mine In Amrabad Tiger Reserve Must Be Resisted
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Save Nallamala Forest from Uranium Mining
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Local protest against Uranium mining in Nalgonda
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Meta information
Contributor:Eleonora Fanari, ICTA (UAB), [email protected]
Last update03/10/2019
Conflict ID:4751
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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