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Urbanistic Plan in Valdevaqueros, Tarifa, Spain


Valdevaqueros is one of the last virgin beaches in Tarifa. Its 70 hectares are part of the Estrecho Natural Parc, which is protected by European law and has been declared a Biosphere Reserve.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Urbanistic Plan in Valdevaqueros, Tarifa, Spain
State or province:Cadiz
Location of conflict:Tarifa
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Tourism Recreation
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific commodities:Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

A macro-tourist complex and 350 houses were to be built.

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Project area:8
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:17
Company names or state enterprises:Grupo GMT from Spain
Relevant government actors:Tarifa Town Council, Andalucia Regional Government, Spanish Ministry of Environment
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Plataforma Salvemos Valdevaqueros, Cigüeña negra, SEO Birdlife, Greenpeace, Verdemar - ecologistas en acción, Indignados Tarifa, Asociación Territorios Vivos, Agaden, WWF
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Recreational users
Forms of mobilization:Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
using social networks
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:New legislation
Project cancelled
Proposal and development of alternatives:Not to build anything.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The local EJOs and national environmental NGOs developed an impressive and successful campaign using social media. They also presented the conflict in the main Spanish conventional media and got thousand of supporters throughtout the country.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Ley 2/2013, de 29 de mayo, de protección y uso sostenible del litoral y de modificación de la Ley 22/1988, de 28 de julio, de Costas:
[click to view]

Plan de Ordenación del territorio del área del campo de Gibraltar (2011)

Ley de Ordenación urbanística en Andalucía:
[click to view]

Plan de Ordenación de los recursos naturales del Estrecho (2011)

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Slideshow. Toristic model of development in Andalucia. Valdevaqueros case:
[click to view]

Newspaper article. Carta ecologista por Valdevaqueros.
[click to view]

Newspaper article. Ecologistas aplauden medidas contra urbanizar Valdevaqueros:
[click to view]

Newspaper article. La batalla de Valdevaqueros centra el Día del Medio Ambiente:
[click to view]

News article. Luz verde para urbanizar Valdevaqueros, una de las últimas playas vírgenes de España:
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Youtube with a public act and interviews to the speakpeople from the EJOs in the Valdevaqueros conflict:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Amaranta Herrero
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:65
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