Urbanistic Plan in Valdevaqueros, Tarifa, Spain


Valdevaqueros is one of the last virgin beaches in Tarifa. Its 70 hectares are part of the Estrecho Natural Parc, which is protected by European law and has been declared a Biosphere Reserve.

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Basic Data
NameUrbanistic Plan in Valdevaqueros, Tarifa, Spain
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific Commodities
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsA macro-tourist complex and 350 houses were to be built.

Project Area (in hectares)8
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population17
Company Names or State EnterprisesGrupo GMT from Spain
Relevant government actorsTarifa Town Council, Andalucia Regional Government, Spanish Ministry of Environment
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPlataforma Salvemos Valdevaqueros, Cigüeña negra, SEO Birdlife, Greenpeace, Verdemar - ecologistas en acción, Indignados Tarifa, Asociación Territorios Vivos, Agaden, WWF
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Recreational users
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
using social networks
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew legislation
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesNot to build anything.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The local EJOs and national environmental NGOs developed an impressive and successful campaign using social media. They also presented the conflict in the main Spanish conventional media and got thousand of supporters throughtout the country.
Sources and Materials

Ley 2/2013, de 29 de mayo, de protección y uso sostenible del litoral y de modificación de la Ley 22/1988, de 28 de julio, de Costas:
[click to view]

Ley de Ordenación urbanística en Andalucía:
[click to view]

Plan de Ordenación del territorio del área del campo de Gibraltar (2011)

Plan de Ordenación de los recursos naturales del Estrecho (2011)


Slideshow. Toristic model of development in Andalucia. Valdevaqueros case:
[click to view]


News article. Luz verde para urbanizar Valdevaqueros, una de las últimas playas vírgenes de España:
[click to view]

Newspaper article. Carta ecologista por Valdevaqueros.
[click to view]

Newspaper article. La batalla de Valdevaqueros centra el Día del Medio Ambiente:
[click to view]

Newspaper article. Ecologistas aplauden medidas contra urbanizar Valdevaqueros:
[click to view]

Media Links

Youtube with a public act and interviews to the speakpeople from the EJOs in the Valdevaqueros conflict:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAmaranta Herrero
Last update08/04/2014