Shell has operated in Uzere community for the past 52 years without any Global Memorandum of Understanding with Uzere Community. In Febuary, 2011, refused to honour the visitation by the community to discuss and sign the GMoU, so that people from the community can have a legal document of partnership with the corporation.
In October of the same year Uzere people sent a reminder to SPDC on the need of sign the GMOU with the community but both requests got no response from SPDC. On 29th November 2011 they therefore agreed to shut schools, markets and other commercial activities and trooped out en-masse to protest Shell negligence. Over 5,000 of the community people including women and children matched to the SPDC Uzere flow station in a peaceful protest. The company s reaction to the peaceful protest was violence as it called in the Nigerian Army, and allegedly instructed them to forcefully quell the protests. That incident led to the killing of three community members and over 100 injured. However, the Governor of the state has intervened in order to bring calmness to the area.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:
Environmental Rights Action, Trade Unions, Nigerian Media
Conflict & Mobilization
HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Farmers Indigenous groups or traditional communities Informal workers Local ejos Landless peasants Neighbours/citizens/communities Social movements Trade unions Women Ethnically/racially discriminated groups Religious groups Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:
Blockades Creation of alternative reports/knowledge Development of a network/collective action Development of alternative proposals Involvement of national and international NGOs Land occupation Media based activism/alternative media Official complaint letters and petitions Public campaigns Street protest/marches Property damage/arson Strikes Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Visible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Visible: Infectious diseases Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Conflict outcome / response:
Negotiated alternative solution Strengthening of participation Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:
SPDC/JTF be compelled to redeploy soldiers from the community. SPDC should respect and respond to the demands of Host Community by signing the GMoU. SPDC/JTF must pay compensation for the properties damaged during the peaceful protest. Delta State government be compelled to be transparent and responsive in the implementation of recommendations from the inquiry panel. SPDC and the Nigerian Army should be compelled to take responsibility for the burial of the three dead community members.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:
Shell has not signed any GMoU for the community,and refuse to provide basic amenities. Community people are faced with daily pollution from Shells oil facility.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites
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