Vale mines displace farmers, Mozambique


Brazilian major mining group Vale extracts coal from the Moatize mine in the Tete province of Mozambique.

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Basic Data
NameVale mines displace farmers, Mozambique
SiteMoatize, Cateme
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Thermal power plants
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsLast year Vale produced 620 000 t of coal. However, only 140 000 t, or about 22.6%, of this coal, was exported through the Port of Beira. The expansion will lift output from 11 to 22 million tons of coal/yr.

Level of Investment (in USD)6000000000
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesVale Mozambique from Brazil
Vale S.A. (Vale) from Brazil - formerly named Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (Brazil)
Relevant government actorsEnergy Ministry, Agriculture Ministry and Prime Minister
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersUNAC, JA, CIP
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Displaced families blockaded the railroad with logs and piled stones on the highway, halting the flow of Vales coal.The Mozambican government responded with riot police, and Vales activities resumed within 24 hours.
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Fourteen people were arrested and one person was slightly injured after the riot police broke the blockade.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.---
Sources and Materials
Meta Information
ContributorBoaventura Monjane
Last update08/04/2014