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Varun land grabbing, Madagascar


The Varun's land grabbing project has its origins in 2009.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Varun land grabbing, Madagascar
State or province:Sofia region
Location of conflict:13 Plains in the Sofia Region
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Agricultural products
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The duration of the agreement would be 50 years and could be extended to 99 years .

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Project area:170,900
Level of Investment for the conflictive project1,170,000,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:01/02/2009
End of the conflict:01/01/2014
Company names or state enterprises:Varun International (VARUN) from Australia
VARUN Industries from India
Relevant government actors:Sofia Region authorities ; President of Madagascar Ravalomanana ; Economic Development Board of Madagascar (EDBM) ; Ministry of Agriculture ; Ministry of Planning and Decentralization
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:TANY Collective for the land defence in Madagascar ; Fikambanan’ny Malagasy Tsy Manan-Kialofana (Association of homeless) ; SEFAFI (civil society organization)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:VARUN INTERNATIONAL has suspended this project in the Sofia Region. However, the company (VARUN ENERGY) began to explore oil and uranium in other part of the Island. So other conflicts have emerged. But the land grabbing project was stopped.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Code des Investissements à Madagascar

LOI N° 2007-036 DU 14 JANVIER 2008 sur les investissements à Madagascar

Programme National Foncier (PNF)

LOI N° 2008-014 du 23/08/08 sur le Domaine privé de l'Etat, des Collectivités Décentralisées et des personnes morales de Droit Public

LOI N° 2006-031 DU 24 NOVEMBRE 2006 fixant le Régime Juridique de la Propriété Foncière Privée Non Titrée

LOI N° 2005 - O19 DU 17 OCTOBRE 2005 fixant les principes régissant les statuts des terres

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

The land of our ancestors. Property rights, social resistance, and alternatives to land grabbing in Madagascar

Author: Benjamin D. Neimark
[click to view]

Burnod Perrine, Gingembre Mathilde, and Andrianirina Ratsialonana Rivo, 2012, « Do Investors Really Manage to Have Secure Land Rights? Land Deals and Competition Over Land control in Madagascar ». Paper prepared for presentation at the “Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty” The World Bank - Washington DC, April 23-26, 2012, 22 pp.

Andrianirina-Ratsialonana Rivo, Ramarojohn Landry, Burnod Perrine, Teyssier André, 2010, After Daewoo? Current status and perspectives of large-scale land acquisitions in Madagascar. CIRAD/International Land Coalition/Observatoire du Foncier, 61 pp.

The methods of the Indian Varun in Madagascar
[click to view]

Perrine Burnod, interview, 2013
[click to view]

From International Land Deals to Local Informal Agreements: Regulations of and Local Reactions to Agricultural Investments in Madagascar, by Burnod Perrine, Gingembre Mathilde., Andrianirina Ratsialonana Rivo, and Ratovoarinony Raphael, LPI
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

VARUN land grabbing in Madagascar
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1441
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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