Last update:
2016-07-19

Venezuela Refinery Explosion in Amuay, Venezuela

A terrible explosion rocked the Amuay oil refinery in the state of Falcon in Venezuela, killing tens of people in August, 2012.


Description:

An explosion rocked the Amuay oil refinery in north-western Venezuela, killing no fewer than 41 people, including a 10-year-old boy, and injuring more than 86 others a Venezuelan official said on Saturday 25th August, 2012.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Venezuela Refinery Explosion in Amuay, Venezuela
Country:Venezuela
State or province:Falcon State, Venezuela
(municipality or city/town)Amuay Refinery, Northwest, Venezuela
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas refining
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The Amuay refinery, one of the biggest in the world was able to produce over 645,000 barrels of crude oil per day.

Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:25/08/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Petroleos de Venezuela South America (PDVSA) from Venezuela
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Industrial workers
Informal workers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths
Potential: Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The Government of Venezuela has began investigations to determine the cause of the gas leak. Meanwhile authorities have relocated displaced people to the refinery complex and the countrys naval base. Injured victims have been taken for medical treatment. And the Government promised to compensate all dead, injured and displaced victims.
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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New tank burns at Venezuela refinery; death toll revised down
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Other documents

Amuay fire, 2012
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Meta information
Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update19/07/2016
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