Last update:
2021-04-15

Vila Nazare resists against Porto Alegre Airport Expansion by Fraport, Brazil

More than 2000 families are under threat of eviction because of the expansion of a runway to park wide-body planes in Vila Nazaré, Porto Alegre.


Description:

Historical Context. More than 2000 families living in Vila Nazaré (Porto Alegre, Brazil) are at risk to be evicted because of the expansion of a runway to park wide-body planes [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Vila Nazare resists against Porto Alegre Airport Expansion by Fraport, Brazil
Country:Brazil
State or province:Rio Grande do Sul
Location of conflict:Vila Nazaré, Porto Alegre
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Salgado Filho international airport expansion details

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Project area:18.6hectares
Level of Investment:USD 400,000,000
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:2000 families
Start of the conflict:2018
Company names or state enterprises:FRAPORT Brazil from Germany - 100% - holds concession to manage, operate & expand the airport as well as evicting the 2000 families
Relevant government actors:Federal District Attorney- Civil Action Petition [12]
Federal Civil Public Defender
Rio Grande do Sul District Attorney
Rio Grande do Sul Civil Public Defender
Department of Housing, Municipal Government, Porto Alegre
Porto Alegre Municipal Government
Rio Grande do Sul State Government
Federal Government of Brazil
National Civilian Aviation Authority (ANAC)
International and Finance InstitutionsO Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) (BNDES) from Brazil - 60% of project costs have been provided by BNDES to FRAPORT
Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide from Germany - Parent company
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Friends of the Earth Brazil
http://www.amigosdaterrabrasil.org.br/; https://twitter.com/amigosterrabr
MTST -RS Houseless Workers Movement Rio Grande do Sul
https://www.facebook.com/rssemteto; https://twitter.com/MTST_RS
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Informal workers
Social movements
Wastepickers, recyclers
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Shareholder/financial activism.
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Global warming, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow)
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsPrivatisation of public goods
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Criminalization of activists
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
Repression
Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The evicted families were pressured to leave their homes without proper information about their rights. 60 families that continue to resist in the Vila have been treated even worse without proper access to basic necessities or legal support. They have been offered monetary compensation well below the compensation offered in similar federal government infrastructure cases in Porto Alegre, which they have rejected. Currently, negotiations have been suspended because of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[4]O Impeachment de Presidenta Dilma Rousseff foi golpe ou crime
[click to view]

[2]Friends of the Earth Europe 2020. Do no harm: the case for an EU law to hold business liable for human rights violations and environmental harm
[click to view]

[8]Contrato de Consessao para Ampliacao, Manutencao e Exploracao

dos Aeroportos de Porto Alegre (2016)

[1]Práticas Urbanas Emergentes, Vila Nazaré, Porto Alegre, RS, Bruno Melo, UFRGS, 2019

[12]Civil Public Action, MPF, DPF, MP-RS, DP-RS vs. Fraport, a União, Porto Alegre, ANAC, DMHAB, 04/07/2019.
[click to view]

[13]Stay Grounded, “Lives over profits People over planes. 03/03/2021.
[click to view]

[14]Pilares da nova ponte do guaiba chegam ao limite da ilha dos marinheiros e moradores ainda temem pelo futuro, 06/02/2018.
[click to view]

[5] BNDES approves BRL 1.25 billion financing to Fraport Brasil - Porto Alegre (2018)
[click to view]

[15]Christian Russau, Fraport causes destruction all over the world, 05/07/2020,
[click to view]

[6]Nada a ver Fraport deve assumir sua responsabiildade no reassentamento da Vila Nazaré. Amigos da Terra Brasil, 31/05/2019.
[click to view]

[7] Ibid
[click to view]

[3]Fraport Brasil takes over Fortaleza and Porto Alegre operations

(2018)
[click to view]

[11]Interviews with community leaders (Names withheld at interviewees' request), March 2021, June 2020, April 2020

[16]Moradores transferidos para loteamento na zona norte reclamam de condições dos imóveis em Porto Alegre
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[10]Ofensiva ataca tráfico na Vila Nazaré, Zero Hora, 23/08/2019, p. 37

[9]Famílias divididas escombros e desinformação frente a violações de direitos instituições brasileiras levam Fraport a justiça (2019)
[click to view]

Other comments:#SavePeopleNotPlanes
#AirportInjustice
Meta information
Contributor:Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Teto (MTST), [email protected],
Last update15/04/2021
Comments
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