Vilappilsala village located about 15 Kilometer away from Thiruvananthapuram, the state capital of Kerala. The village was selected for the dumping of urban waste generated from Thiruvananthapuram city. Left Democratic Front (LDF) government, in 2000 established this centralised waste processing plant for the capital city. Initially about 12-acre of government land was selected at Vilappilsala village for this purpose. The land was acquired by Kerala State government in 1995 for the city corporation’s use. The plant was planned by the city corporation and the initial plan to establish the plant was given to a private company. The plan was to install well equipped modern processing facilities to generate fertilizer from the biodegradable waste and leachate treatment.
However, the city corporation generate more (about 300 tons) well above the installed capacity of about 157 tons. As a result it was impossible for the plant to process such huge amount of garbage in that plant. The area of the dump site also increased because of the uncontrolled dumping. In the meantime, the company responsible for the management of the dumping site stopped the operations and left the site due to the difference of opinion with the city corporation. This uncontrolled dump site possesses a heavy health hazards for the local residents. People livig nearby areas alleged severe health alignments like skin diseases, respiratory diseases and other diseases. Seepages of waste materials and water from the site also polluted the nearby water sources.
Looking at the sever health problems, the local started protesting. Villagers started protesting and joined hands to form a people’s committee in January 2011. They organized protest movements in various forms. However, government did not paid attention to the people complains. Even some of the protestors were book by state police in many false cases. In September 2011, the committee started severe protest movement and blocked the corporation’s garbage trucks from entering into their village.
As the blockade continue people of the Thiruvananthapuram faces lots of problem because residents started dumping of their wastes anywhere in the city. In the meantime the city corporation went to the court and got court order to open the site in spite of public protest .
Defying prohibitory orders, hundreds of local people and activists of the Vilappil Janakeeya Samithi had gathered in front of the Sreekanda Sastha Temple to prevent the movement of machinery or garbage to the treatment plant. Due to heavy protest by the local residents the government was finally forced to close down the site .(See less)