Last update:
2021-06-10

Villeranges Gold Mine, France

Local ejos fought a mine project in the center of France, in the Creuse region after the French government granted a research permit in 2013.


Description:

In november 2013, the French government granted Cominor company a 3-year research permit for multiple minerals - especially gold and antimony - on a 47.6km² area [1]. The previsory budget was 3 millions euros[1]. The mandatory public consultation prior to the permit granting took place during the summer and was not publicised and therefore was criticised for the lack of democracy [2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Villeranges Gold Mine, France
Country:France
State or province:Creuse
Location of conflict:Villeranges
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Specific commodities:Gold
Rare metals
Silver
Zinc
antimony, tin, tungsten
Lead
Copper
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The mine project started with a 3-year research permit for multiple minerals - among others gold, copper, silver, zinc, plomb, antomony, tin, and tungsten [5] - on a 47.6km² area in 2013. The previsory budget was 3 millions euros. [1]

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Project area:4,760
Level of Investment:3,000,000.00
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:18/03/2013
Company names or state enterprises:Cominor from France
La Mancha Resources Inc from Canada - Owner of Cominor
Relevant government actors:French government.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Stop Mines 23 http://www.stopmines23.fr/
along with 'Sources et rivières du Limousin', 'Maïouri nature', 'Guéret environnement', 'Oui à l’avenir', and 'Creuse citron et le Simples (syndicat d’herboristes)'
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Noise pollution, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Other environmental related diseases, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Other Health impactsCancers
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Other socio-economic impactsLoss of agricultural land
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:No alternative was brought forward, ejos wanted the mine project to be abandonned.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The renewal of the research permit was not granted.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

[1] Arrêté (administrative text of the French gouvernement) of the 18th November 2013 granting Cominor's research permit.
[click to view]

[4] Official demand for the renewal of the research permit by Cominor, 14/10/2016.
[click to view]

[5] "Exposé des motifs de la délivrance du permis exclusif de recherche de Villeranges à la société COMINOR" [explanatory statement of the permit], French government, 05/11/2013 (online: lasr assessed 07/05/2021).
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] "Exploitation minière dans la Creuse : Dites oui et ne posez pas de questions !", Reporterre, 04/09/2013 (online: last assessed 25/04/2021).
[click to view]

[3] "Le projet minier d’une ex-filiale d’Areva menace l’environnement en Creuse", Reporterre, 24/07/2015 (online: last assessed 29/04/2021).
[click to view]

[6] "Les luttes", Stop mines 23, (online: last assessed 07/05/2021).
[click to view]

[7] Lettre of the Association "Sources et Rivières du Limousin" supporting the campain of Stop mines 23, 17/02/2014 (online: last assessed 07/05/2021).
[click to view]

[8] Lettre of the Association "Société pour l’Étude et la Protection des Oiseaux du Limousin)" supporting the campain of Stop mines 23, no dated (online: last assessed 07/05/2021).
[click to view]

[9] "Dossier de presse du Collectif", Stop mines 23, 10/2014 (online: last assessed 07/05/2021).
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[10] Website of the movement "Stop mines 23" fighting against the mine project
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Clarisse Mace
Last update10/06/2021
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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