Poland has announced its plans to press ahead with the construction of a waterway through the Vistula Spit, a narrow strip of land that separates a large part of the country's eastern coastline from the Baltic Sea. At present, the only entrance to the lagoon from the Baltic Sea is via a channel that is inside Russian territorial waters in Kaliningrad.
Poland's governing party, the Law and Justice Party, are intensely distrustful of Russia and claim that the waterway is necessary for economic and security reasons.
The works include the construction of two breakwaters, a channel, two rotating bridges over the lock, four sluice gates, buildings, landscaping as well as the adjacent roads and the soil reinforcement of the roads embankments. Also, the companies will build an 190 hectares artificial island within the Vistula Lagoon.
The channel stretches over 1.5 kilometers with a width varying from 25 to 120 meters. It is equipped with 61-meter long and 17-meter large rotating bridges, while the associated buildings will cover an area of 1.090 m². Located outside the spit in the Gdańsk Bay, the two breakwaters have respective lengths of 1,014 and 568 meters and form a protective harbour.
Works are expected to start in 2019 and be completed in 2022. (See less)