Since 2002, about 60 families of the quilombola community of Gameleiro, located in the countryside of Olho Dagua das Flores, have been fighting against a waste dump located only 300 meters from their houses. Although the quilombola community of Gameleiro have been living on those lands for over 300 years, only in March 2008 it was officially recognized by the Brazilian State. But the City Government does not act as per the national and international law on this issue. Traditional communities should in fact be consulted and informed about the risks of any infrastructure projects that have direct or indirect impacts on their traditional territories. Not even the national legislation on solid waste was honoured by the city of Olho Dagua das Flores.