Last update:
2020-02-13

Waste incineration in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

Curitiba City Hall starts incineration for energy use in cement kilns. The current Minister of the Environment endorses incineration as an alternative. Waste pickers claim that this violates the National Solid Waste Plan.


Description:

English/Portuguese bilingual text - Texto bilíngue Português/Inglês < > In 2019, the mayor of Curitiba, Rafael Greca, announced the intention to incinerate waste from recyclable tailings in the city.  In April, the Minister of the Environment, Ricardo Salles, chose the city to announce the commencement of the national program “Lixo Zero” (Zero Garbage) [1]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Waste incineration in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
Country:Brazil
State or province:Paraná
Location of conflict:Curitiba
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Waste privatisation conflicts / waste-picker access to waste
Incinerators
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Metropolitan Region of Curitiba produces 2,600 tons a day. According to the mayor of Curitiba, in ten years, 25% of the total waste generated should go to the landfill and 75% be reused [9].

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Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:04/2019
Company names or state enterprises:Grupo Votorantim Cimentos from Brazil
Relevant government actors:Curitiba City Hall (Prefeitura de Curitiba)
Government of the State of Paraná (Governo do Estado do Paraná)
Ministry of Environment (Ministério do Meio Ambiente)
Curitiba City Council (Câmara Municipal de Curitiba)
Paraná Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa do Paraná)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:1)Movimento Nacional dos Catadores de Materiais Recicláveis(MNCR) - http://www.mncr.org.br/

2) Instituto Lixo e Cidadania - https://www.lixoecidadania.com.br/
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Social movements
Wastepickers, recyclers
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Violations of human rights, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Other socio-economic impacts
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:New legislation
Development of alternatives:Wastepickers demand the prioritization of selective collection over incineration, as it is also designated in Brazil's National Solid Waste Policy and its attempted implementation through law 12.305/2010.

They also suggest investment in technology that increases the use of recyclables, reducing waste.

Portuguese version/versão em português:

Os catadores entendem que a alternativa é cumprir a hierarquia de tratamentos estabelecida pela Lei 12.305/2010 (que institui a Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos - PNS), que dá preferência ao processo de reciclagem e obriga que a recuperação energética seja o último recurso.

Sugerem também investimento em tecnologia que aumente o aproveitamento dos recicláveis, diminuindo os rejeitos.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

[11] PORTARIA INTERMINISTERIAL Nº 274, DE 30 DE ABRIL DE 2019
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Bem Paraná: "Projeto de Greca para incinerar lixo enfrenta resistência". Published on May 01, 2019
[click to view]

Folha de São Paulo: "Protesto de catadores de lixo faz evento com Ricardo Salles mudar de lugar". Published on April 30, 2019
[click to view]

Mandato Maria Leticia: "Recicladores ambientais marcham em Curitiba contra a incineração do lixo". Published on June 08, 2019.
[click to view]

[5] Plural: "Curitiba tem campanha contra incineração de lixo". Published on May 09, 2019.
[click to view]

[7] Assembleia Legislativa do Paraná: "Catadores de recicláveis de Curitiba são contra a incineração do lixo". Published on April 29, 2019.
[click to view]

[8] Plural: "Catadores se mobilizam contra incineração de rejeitos". Published on April 17, 2019.
[click to view]

[6] Folha de Londrina: Paraná pode proibir a incineração de lixo. Published on July 12, 2012.
[click to view]

[2] Mandato Professora Josete: "Projeto fomenta reciclagem e proíbe incineração de lixo em Curitiba". Published on June 04, 2019.
[click to view]

[4] Mandato Maria Leticia: "Recicladores ambientais marcham em Curitiba contra a incineração do lixo". Published on June 08, 2019.
[click to view]

Plural: "Curitiba tem campanha contra incineração de lixo". Published on May 09, 2019.
[click to view]

[3] Folha de São Paulo: "Protesto de catadores de lixo faz evento com Ricardo Salles mudar de lugar". Published on April 30, 2019.
[click to view]

Folha de Londrina: "Paraná pode proibir a incineração do lixo". Published on July 12, 2012.
[click to view]

Liderança do PT AL/PR: "Catadores de recicláveis de Curitiba são contra a incineração do lixo". Published on April 30, 2019.
[click to view]

Catadores se mobilizam contra incineração de rejeitos
[click to view]

Prefeitura de Curitiba: "Nova licença ambiental permite forte redução do uso de aterro para lixo e amplia geração de energia limpa". Published on December 12, 2019.
[click to view]

[9] Prefeitura de Curitiba: "Nova licença ambiental permite forte redução do uso de aterro para lixo e amplia geração de energia limpa". Published on December 12, 2019.
[click to view]

[1] Bem Paraná: "Projeto de Greca para incinerar lixo enfrenta resistência". Published on May 01, 2019.
[click to view]

Mandato Professora Josete: "Projeto fomenta reciclagem e proíbe incineração de lixo em Curitiba". Published on June 04, 2019.
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[8] Curitiba contra a incineração do lixo
[click to view]

[9] Curitiba contra a incineração de lixo - youtube
[click to view]

[12] Curitiba contra a incineração de lixo - Facebook
[click to view]

[13] Curitiba contra a incineração de lixo - Youtube
[click to view]

[14] Vídeo de divulgação da Prefeitura de Curitiba: "Aproveitamento energético de resíduos"
[click to view]

Vídeo de divulgação da Prefeitura de Curitiba: "Aproveitamento energético de resíduos"
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Marcos Todt, PUCRS, [email protected]
Last update13/02/2020
Comments
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