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Waste incinerator near Wrocław, Lower Silesia, Poland

The local community near Wrocław resists the planned waste incinerator, sold as "RDF-fired heat and power plant" by the promoters. After six months of conflict, they have produced a 63-page report describing their fight for justice.


On June 14, 2018, the European Union published changes to the existing waste management directives. Among other things, it decided to reduce the role of waste incinerators in favor of recycling. By 2026, the goal is to recycle 55% of municipal waste [16]. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Waste incinerator near Wrocław, Lower Silesia, Poland
State or province:Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Location of conflict:Wisznia Mała Commune
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Incinerators
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The proposed OdNova CHP plant fired by non-reusable waste would be built near Wrocław, at the junction of S8 and DK 98 roads, in the Wisznia Mała commune [14]. The investor ensures that the location of the project is optimal, because it would be isolated from the residential buildings on each side - by expressways and a railway line, and on the other hand, close to the heating system of Wrocław (approx. 5 km) to use the cheap and clean heat from this installation ( large cities that have their own thermal waste treatment plants have lower fees for waste management). In fact, however, the investment is planned in the vicinity of several towns, including, for example, the distance to the closest village of Ramiszów (Długołęka commune) is 700 m, and from the Wrocław-Pawłowice estate - 800 m. This is a densely populated area that forms the north-eastern part of the Wrocław Agglomeration [15].

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Project area:15 (estimation)
Level of Investment for the conflictive project170,000,000 [16]
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:approx. 750,000 (0-30 km pollution impact zone)
Start of the conflict:14/05/2021
Company names or state enterprises:Fortum Heat and Power Polska sp. z o.o. (Fortum) from Finland - investor
Savona Projekt sp. z o.o. from Poland - author of the EIA report
W-Park sp.z o.o. from Poland - Original owner of the plot
Relevant government actors:- Village Council of Wisznia Mała
- Village Council of Długołęka
- Village Council of Ramiszów
- Mayor of Wrocław
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:- Komitet społeczny STOP wrocławskiej spalarni ('STOP Wrocław Incinerator' Social Committee)
- Stowarzyszenie Nasze Pawłowice i Ramiszów (Our Pawłowice and Ramiszów Association)
- Towarzystwo na rzecz Ziemi - TNZ (The Society for Earth)
- Stowarzyszenie Ekologiczne EKO-UNIA (Ecological Association EKO-UNIA)
- Fundacja EkoRozwoju FER (Foundation for Sustainable Development Mission)
- Partia Zieloni (The Greens)
- Gminni Aktywiści (Municipal Activists)
- Rada Osiedla Pawłowice (Wrocław)
- Stowarzyszenie Ligota Piękna (Ligota Piękna Association)
- Stowarzyszenie Mieszkańców Gminy Wisznia Mała "Integracja"
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases, Accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (undecided)
Strengthening of participation
Proposal and development of alternatives:Incinerations are a poisonous legacy that is being abandoned in Western Europe. The European Union, WHO, scientists and environmentalists unanimously say that incineration of waste is harmful to the climate, environment and health.
Instead of focusing on the management of mixed waste by incineration, it is necessary to conduct more and more effective waste selection (reduction) and recycling. In Poland, it is only from 2019 that there is an obligation to segregate waste! [1]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The plans to build an incineration near Wrocław have not been withdrawn.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

[10] Announcement of the Head of the Wisznia Mała commune of November 2, 2021, reference number: OŚ.6220.3.5.2021, on the initiation of administrative proceedings regarding the issuance of a decision on environmental conditions for the project consisting in: ,, Construction of a power unit with a capacity of up to 20 MWe and 51 MWt based on a grate boiler in the indicated location in the Wisznia Mała commune near Wrocław ", planned for implementation on plots no. 1/19, 1/18, 1/17, Biskupice precinct, Wisznia Mała commune.
[click to view]

[11] Announcement of the Head of the Wisznia Mała commune of 10 December 2021, ref. project consisting in: "Construction of a power unit with a capacity of up to 20 MWe and 51 MWt based on a grate boiler in the indicated location in the Wisznia Mała commune near Wrocław", planned for implementation on plots no. 1/19, 1/18, 1/17 precinct Biskupice, Wisznia Mała commune.
[click to view]

[1] Urban K. (2022, January 26). Spalarnie odpadów. Szansa na redukcję odpadów, czy rozwiązanie odchodzące do lamusa? (Waste incinerations. A chance to reduce waste or a solution that is going to be a thing of the past?).
[click to view]

[3] Kozioł M. (2021, May 28). Nie chcą spalarni śmieci tuż pod Wrocławiem. "Najgorsze z możliwych rozwiązań" (They don't want a waste incineration plant just outside Wrocław. "The worst possible solution"). WyborczaWrocł
[click to view]

[4] Orzechowski J. (2021, May). Zielone Pawłowice a spalarnia śmieci (Zielone Pawłowice and the waste incineration plant). PismoOsiedlowePawłowice.
[click to view]

[5] Rozkosz E.A. et al. (2021, December 1). Konflikt społeczny w sprawie budowy spalarni odpadów w gminie Wisznia Mała. Raport (Social conflict over the construction of a waste incineration plant in the Wisznia Mała commune. Report). STOP Wrocław Incineration Committee.
[click to view]

[6] Zamorowska K. (2021, July 13). Raport OOŚ dla planowanej spalarni odpadów w gminie Wisznia Mała w ogniu krytyki (The EIA report for the planned waste incineration plant in the Wisznia Mała commune in the heat of criticism). TerazŚ
[click to view]

[click to view]

[8] Zieliński R.(2021, June 17). Przeciwnicy budowy spalarni śmieci spotkali się z Jackiem Sutrykiem: Prezydent jest po naszej stronie (Opponents of the waste incineration plant met Jacek Sutryk: The president is on our side). WyborczaWrocł
[click to view]

[9] Góraleczo N. (2021, September 29). Protest pod kinem Nowe Horyzonty -“Stop spalarnianej ściemie!” (Protest at the Nowe Horyzonty cinema - "Stop the incineration fake!").
[click to view]

[12] Senderek B. (2022, February 9). Wojna billboardowa we Wrocławiu. Mieszkańcy oskarżają Fortum o manipulację (The billboard war in Wrocław. Residents accuse Fortum of manipulation).
[click to view]

[13] STOP Wrocław Waste Incineration website.
[click to view]

[14] Elektrociepłownia OdNova - czyste źródło energii dla Wrocławia i regionu (OdNova CHP Plant - a clean source of energy for Wrocław and the region). Fortum YouTube account.
[click to view]

[15] Fortum website. (2021, May 26). Kto skorzysta na EC OdNova? (Who will benefit from EC OdNova?).
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[2] STOP Wrocław Incineration Facebook account.
[click to view]

[14] Elektrociepłownia OdNova - czyste źródło energii dla Wrocławia i regionu (OdNova CHP Plant - a clean source of energy for Wrocław and the region). Fortum YouTube account.
[click to view]

STOP wrocławskiej spalarni. Pomóż w walce z trucicielem! "STOP the Wrocław incinerator. Help fight the poisoner." online fundraiser. Visited on 28/06/2022
[click to view]

Other comments:[2] STOP Wrocław Incineration Facebook account.
Meta information
Contributor:Maciej Kałaska, [email protected] Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, University of Warsaw
Last update05/07/2022
Conflict ID:5884
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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