On June 14, 2018, the European Union published changes to the existing waste management directives. Among other things, it decided to reduce the role of waste incinerators in favor of recycling. By 2026, the goal is to recycle 55% of municipal waste .
Poland lags far behind to achieve European Union's goals related to waste management. In most municipalities, the level of recycling only slightly exceeds 20% (as of 2021). Instead of investing in recycling, many local governments want to build waste incinerators. They are not even bothered by the lack of EU funds for this purpose, as these investments are eagerly financed by the private sector. Companies know that the demand for the construction of incinerators is huge in this country. So far, only eight incinerators have functioned, which together treat approx. 1.1 million tonnes of municipal waste per year (approx. 10% of collected waste) .
Wrocław, the fourth most populous city in Poland, does not have its own municipal waste incinerator. In 2016 and 2017, Fortum company began to plan the construction of a waste incinerator in this city. In April 2017, the then mayor of Wrocław stated that he never consented to this type of investment (unlike other mayors of the largest Polish cities). In January 2018, city council adopted the Waste Management Strategy with a provision not to locate a waste incinerator. Therefore, the aforementioned private investor - and other interested companies - were looking for another location of development, this time outside the city limits of Wrocław, but right next to them .
In February 2019, W-Park sp.z o.o. (owner of the plot) submited a small request for changes to the local spatial development plan (MPZP) to the Wisznia Mała commune - bordering the city of Wrocław. The requested changes enabled, among others, planning an 80-meter chimney in this area. In turn, in January 2020, a conditional agreement for the purchase of the plot in question was signed with an advance payment between W-Park and Fortum. Already on November 30, 2020, a new MPZP was adopted in Biskupice,0 within the limits of the Wisznia Mała commune, but at the interface with Wrocław and the Długołęka commune. The change of this plan opened the way for Fortum to proceed with its waste incinerator project. The local community was not aware of the entire process. In April 2021, an EIA was prepared for the proposed OdNova CHP plant. It will be a power unit with a capacity of up to 20 MWe and 51 MWt based on a grate boiler in the Wisznia Mała commune near Wrocław (de facto waste incinerator). And on May 7, the investor sent to the commune council an application for a decision on environmental conditions for the planned operation. On May 11, Fortum signed an agreement with Wrocław and Wisznia Mała regarding a heat and power plant in which waste will be incinerated. The preamble of the document says: “There is a shortage of installations for the production of ecological energy and biological treatment of municipal waste both in the territory of the entire country and the Lower Silesian Voivodeship" .
On May 12, 2021, an article about the planned investment was published in a local newspaper. This way, the residents found out about the case. Opponents of the incinerator appeared immediately. The first letter of objection to the president of Wrocław was published on May 14. There was a large group of residents of Wrocław, the municipalities of Długołęka and Wisznia Mała who expressed opposition to the investment. They claimed that it was cynically portrayed as a "green" power plant, and in fact it would be a waste incinerator, harmful to the local community and nature. They recognized that: “the basis of this conflict is the struggle for different values of two different social entities: inhabitants and corporations. The superior value for the first group is to live in a healthy and safe environment (...), and the superior value for the second group is to build a huge waste incinerator, which is calculated to (...) maximize the company's profits, not to protect the environment." 
Political parties, informal organizations, associations as well as auxiliary units and church institutions got involved in the protest against the construction of the waste incinerator. Regarding associations and foundations, local and environmental organizations have been mobilized. The first group organized a protest committee composed of representatives of the Our Pawłowice and Ramiszów Association, the MunicipalActivists informal group, the Pawłowice Housing Estate Council and the Ramiszów village council (30 people in total). About 300 in total are involved in active protest activities, but they are supported by thousands of local residents. On the other hand, support was provided by environmental organizations - including those specializing in preventing pollution from waste incinerators. They joined the resistance movement through media statements (Foundation for Sustainable Development Mission), commissioning an expert opinion for the EIA report indicating numerous substantive errors (Ecological Association EKO-UNIA)  , or participation in environmental proceedings as a party (Society for the Earth) .
The first big assembly of the protesters representing different social circles took place on May 15 2021, and the organizer was the head of the village of Ramiszowa in the Długołęka commune which is located next to the Wisznia Mała commune where the incinerator is planned. Three-hundred people attended the meeting where the idea to establish a new local EJO was born. On June 1, the 'STOP Wrocław Incinerator' Social Committee was established in Wrocław to consolidate the protest activities. Its goals are: 1) protection and promotion of health, including therapeutic activities; 2) ecology and protection of animals and protection of natural heritage. It was specified that the objectives will be implemented in particular by taking actions against the construction of a waste incinerator in the Wisznia Mała commune .
The Committee supports protesters by making contact with experts. A particular activity of the resistance media is the series of videocasts entitled "Green Tripoint". Each of the 10 episodes (as of March 28, 2022) includes an interview with an expert related to ecology, in particular the less waste and zero waste movement, waste issues or waste incinerators. In order for the information about the activities of the protesters to reach the public, the committee launched a press center. In addition, 14 meetings were organized (as of November 28, 2021) with residents, which most often took the form of an expert lecture combined with a discussion. They were implemented in Wrocław, in the municipalities of Długołęka and Wisznia Mała .
The founding act of the Committee states that it runs a public fundraiser. From June 22, 2021 to February 28, 2022 - via the Zrzutka.pl website - PLN 42,245 (USD 9,639) was collected as part of the action entitled "STOP wrocławskiej spalarni. Pomóż w walce z trucicielem!" ("STOP the Wrocław incinerator. Help fight the poisoner.") In total, 423 people provided financial support. These funds - as well as from other sources - were used to carry out activities allowing to make the protest more visible and effective. Specialist environmental expertise (unit cost up to PLN 20,000) and legal support are the most expensive, but information and promotion activities are also expenses. According to data collected from residents, over 30,000 leaflets were distributed (as of December 1), incl. in Wrocław, Domaszczyn, Bąków, Szczodre, Pasikorowice, Ramiszów, Wisznia Mała, Ligota Piękna, Długołęka and Kiełczów .
Those involved in public resistance to the incinerator counted four demonstrations in 2021. The first of them - spontaneous - took place on June 1 in connection with the recording of the "Alarm" program by the nationwide TVP television. About 500 residents came to the recording site - i.e. at the Pawłowice housing estate in the north-eastern part of Wrocław - demanding answers to questions related to the proposed incinerator. Many people had banners, and the children prepared drawings with the chimneys of the incinerator poisoning the area. Another demonstration (titled "Let's meet the Mayor of Wrocław" - on June 17 - took place in front of the Wrocław town hall with the participation of about 200 people. The protesters assumed that the key position in this case was the position of the president of this city, which would generate most of the waste burned at the incinerator. Many people came with banners and musical instruments (marching drum, trumpets, etc.). The mayor invited the representatives of the protesters. During the meeting, he announced that he was issuing a position against the construction of a waste incinerator jointly with the heads of the Długołęka and Wisznia Mała communes . The guests presented him with a petition containing about 10,000 signatures collected by traditional and electronic means . The third demonstration ("STOP Incinerator Bullshit") took place on September 29 in front of a Wrocław cinema (about 150 people). It took the form of a happening, the aim of which was to oppose the attempt of the so-called greenwashing presented by the film "Making a Mountain", which was shown at the 9th MiastoMOVIE film festival. This film is about the backstage of the Copenhagen incinerator. The protesters decided that the selection of this film was an attempt to familiarize the inhabitants of Wrocław with waste incinerators as installations desired and expected by everyone. There is an event graphic on the protest profile, symbolizing the skier sliding down the slope of the Copenhagen incinerator, equipped with a gas mask to protect against pollution. Before the screening, 150 people began a demonstration. A characteristic element of their decor was a paper print of a protective mask, some also took skis with them. After the film, there were shouts of dissatisfaction ("fake", "disgrace"). Then the panelists invited the protesters to participate in the discussion. The voices criticizing the Copenhagen investment were dominant, and representatives of Fortum came out of the ostentatious cinema room  . The last demonstration - with the participation of over 100 people - took place on November 23 ("Picket Against the Planned Waste Incinerator") in front of the commune office in Wisznia Mała. The act was prompted by the announcement of this office that on November 8, administrative proceedings were initiated to issue a decision on environmental conditions for the controversial incinerator. The mayor came to the protesters, accepted the petition signed by 1,300 inhabitants of the commune and confirmed his support. Protesting residents regularly sent letters (there were at least eight of them) and e-mails to the investor. Each of them calls on the company to completely abandon the venture. In the letter of June 7, 2021 - addressed to Fortum Corporation in Espoo, Finland (the investor's parent corporation), with a copy to the Directorate General for Environment in the European Commission and the Ministry of Environment and Climate in Finland - it was indicated that the procedure for the construction of an incinerator near Wrocław is non-transparent and took place for a long time without the knowledge of the residents, which is inconsistent with the values that the investor listed on his website. This letter was signed by 40 professors from Wrocław universities  .
Protesters also manifest their opposition in public space. Banners, posters and leaflets with the characteristic words "STOP THE INCINERATOR" appear on the fences of houses, information boards and in shop windows. Many of them feature a protest logo that was designed by a graphic designer involved in the fight against the incinerator. The slogans of objection also take the form of paintings on sheets of fabric or paintings on old advertising banners located near roads, bridges or on a plot where the investor plans to build the incinerator. According to the Committee's estimates, from May to December 2021, about 250 banners with a total value of several dozen thousand zlotys were stolen. However, they are replaced by others, which means that the residents are determined that the protest should be visible in the physical space of Wrocław and the communes of Długołęka and Wisznia Mała .
A specific way of manifesting an objection are sporting events, during which protesters report their participation as the Committee's team and wear T-shirts with the protest logo. An example of such an event is IX Wiszeńska (za)Dyszka - a cross-country run organized by the local cultural center in Wisznia Mała (19 June 2021). The race took place in the village of Wysoki Kościół on the Trzebnickie Hills. Several dozen people took part in the protest t-shirts. This action aroused the interest of other participants of the event, which became the starting point for talks about the planned construction of the incinerator .
The protesting community has used artistic means of expression many times. Many songs were written expressing anger, indignation and the lack of consent to the incinerator, but also integrating the protesting community. One of them is the poem "Not in my Biskupice", in which the name Biskupice is ambiguous, referring to two localities. This is due to the fact that the community learned that the president of the Polish branch of Fortum is associated with Biskupice, but not with those that are the place of the planned investment and constitute the registration area in the Wisznia Mała commune, but with the place where he builds his house and which is located near the Falcon Mountains Reserve. In addition, the title and chorus of the song refer to the abbreviation NIMBY, used by the investor to discredit social attitudes that the company believes are limited to accepting the incinerator, but not in the vicinity. The second poem, "To the Poisoner", refers to the work of the Polish poet Broniewski. The lyrical entity calls on the inhabitants of Wrocław to fight against the investor. In addition, three songs were created as a result of the local artist's collaboration with other residents, always for a specific demonstration. One of them "Wisznia Mała with Magnificent Greenery" - emphasizes that the commune, where the investment is planned, has always been free from industry, focused on nature, agriculture and animal husbandry. Moreover, the community created a game inspired by a famous card game. The game consists of 57 thick cards, each with a picture referring to the protest against the construction of the incinerator. One of the characters is the most famous cat in the region, "Wrocek" - a favorite of the mayor of Wrocław. The game has an educational value, so it also contains symbols related to the desired waste practices. A famous graphic artist also supported the protesters. He created four drawings that comment on their situation in a humorous way. The committee also organized several unusual campaigns to demonstrate opposition to the investment. One of them - from the summer of 2021 - consisted of climbing the mountain on foot with a banner in the backpack, and then unfolding it on the top and capturing the moment in a photo. In August, the first team reached the highest peak in Poland, and in September - the second team climbed Tofana di Rozes in the Italian Dolomites. The second action was related to an art competition for children and youth, which was organized in May 2021 ("Stop the incinerator - let's save the environment and our children"; over 100 works were submitted). The action consisted in handing over the drawings along with a cover letter or other information material to many politicians and local and regional officials. Its aim was to draw the attention of decision-makers to the problem of the harmfulness of waste incinerators, including the negative impact on the youngest .
On November 2, 2021, the beginning of administrative proceedings over the decision on the environmental conditions of the proposed investment was announced . In the same month, the Village Council of Długołęka filed a complaint with the Provincial Administrative Court against the previously described local development plan for the area where Fortum is forcing the construction of the waste incinerator (currently under examination). In December, the complaint was rejected under strange circumstances by the Village Council of Wisznia Mała . On December 10, 2021, the head of the Wisznia Mała commune refused to determine the environmental conditions for the investment . However, the investor appealed against this decision to the Local Government Appeals Court (the case is pending) .
At the beginning of 2022, the investor started an information campaign. The company launched advertisements in the media and on billboards. On the pages of the website www.mocodpadow.pl, among others, it is said that waste incinerators absorb carbon dioxide, they are climate neutral, and there is no scientific evidence confirming their negative impact on the health and life of residents. The website "POWER of waste" is advertised in radio spots and on billboards and banners. The latter are located in the northern regions of Wrocław and the surrounding localities (including Długołęka, Pasikurowice, Siedlec). Therefore, the STOP Wrocław Incinerator Committee plans to submit notifications to the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection and to the Advertising Ethics Committee  .
On January 17, 2022, the Our Pawłowice i Ramiszów Association, on behalf of the protesting community, submitted a formal application to change the Local Spatial Development Plan (MPZP) for Biskupice area (part of Wisznia Mała commune with a planned incinerator), attaching a ready draft resolution, justification and necessary graphic attachments, as well as a list with signatures of residents. They also declared that planning materials on this matter would be prepared for the commune free of charge by an experienced planner. As a result, the development of a new document would not involve any costs for the Wisznia Mała commune .
On February 18, 2022, the Wisznia Mała commune office received two complaints from residents of the MPZP. The protesters had run out of patience awaiting its change. At least several dozen people are considering similar steps. In March, protesters became strongly involved in various aid initiatives for refugees from Ukraine. At the same time, however, formal and legal activities were carried out by a team of lawyers. Taxpayers from all over Poland were also called upon to donate 1% of their tax to the Committee's operation  . The protesters do not give up.