Chaisang District, formerly known as Jiujiang County until 2017, is a district of the prefectural city of Jiujiang in Jiangxi Province. It has non-contiguous land area, with a smaller exclave to the northeast being separated by Lianxi District and Xunyang District.
On September 7, 2017, a coordination meeting was held to study and determine the site for the new waste-to-energy incineration project to deal with domestic wastes and requested the Land and Resources Bureaus in the Chaisang district and the Jiujiang City to report to the provincial bureau to get the approval for the land use as soon as possible. Later in November, the Jiujiang Planning Bureau approved the site location. According to the first announcement of the “public participation in environmental impact assessment of Jiujiang Municipal Waste-to-Energy Power Generation Project” (It was later reported that the EIA was actually not done before the construction started ), published on November 22, 2017 by the Chaisang District Government, the construction unit is the Jiujiang Urban Administration Bureau, the daily waste treatment capacity is 1,500 tons, with CNY 879 million investment and the site will be located in the Chihu Industrial Park. 
Land expropriation for the project started in January 2018, when 268 mu (about 17.87ha) of paddy fields were required in the name of “major construction projects”. The processed got stuck as local people refused to sign the expropriation documents, more than 1,000 of the villagers pressed their fingerprint as refusal to the project.  However, on the 2nd of March, some construction facilities as well as some billboards of Everbright International were set up on the embank of Chihu Lake, which is 5 km away from the announced site and the coordinates – Chihu Industrial Park. Local residents from Liucang Village asked the project developers to provide legally approved documents (like EIA and official approval docs.) for the construction and tried to stop it. One woman was hurt by an official during the prevention. Some volunteers from ENGOs visited the village on April 3rd to know more about the case, but were questioned by the police. 
On April 4th, the Jiujiang Municipal Government announced the ground break for the first batch of the Major Construction Projects in 2018 on their website, and confirmed that the Waste-to-Energy project would be invested and built by China Everbright International Co. Ltd with a total investment of CNY 1 billion. The occupied area will be 300 mu and the daily waste treatment capacity 1,500 tons.  Volunteers from ENGOs tried again to confirm with the Hong Kong Headquarter of Everbright International for some more information about this project and asked them to stop the illegal construction works, but they didn’t get any answers. They continued to communicate with both the company but also the Land and Resources Bureau in Jiujiang to help the villagers to understand the procedure of the project when they found it was not legal.  On April 15th, when the construction team started the earthworks to fill the paddy fields, it was stopped again by the villagers. Local police force was dispatched, but no clashes occurred. However, 3 days later, when the village tried to stop the earth filling and the installation of surveillance cameras on the construction site, small-scale clashes occurred and one villager was taken away with the call of “damaging properties” and detained for 15 days. Local residents/villagers went to the Township government of Gangkoujie with banners to protest against the waste incineration project as well as the detention of the fellow villager, but 11 more people were taken away including 6 women for either 10 or 15 days of detention. 
On April 23rd, in a reply document to the Jiujiang Land and Resources Bureau, the Chaisang Land and Resources Bureau said: “land for the Waste-to-Energy project was unused land, no procedure for the conversion to agricultural use were reported”, however, local villagers claimed that it was paddy field which was farmed for many years and generations. On April 26th, the second announcement of the “public participation in environmental impact assessment of Jiujiang Municipal Waste-to-Energy Power Generation Project” was published on the Jiujiang Municipal government website. The site of the project became consistent with the actual construction location but was still indicted as in the Chihu Industrial Park, which was actually not according to the confirmation from the Department of Land and Resource of Jiangxi Province on July 9th. At the same time, the response from the Department of Land and Resource of Jiangxi Province indicated that “the approval information of land use of this project does not exist.”  While on May 24th, in a phone communication between the villagers and the Jiujiang Municipal Bureau of Land and Resources, the land for the waste incineration project was claimed as “coastal wetland” instead of farming land which is for rice cultivation. 
Local villagers were quite angry about the project, they also claimed that the site is too close to the habitat for migratory birds around Chihu Lake, and it’s located in the drinking water source protection area according to the remote sensing data provided by the Research Institute on Environment Protection in Jiangxi Province.  When local residents knew that the central environmental protection inspection team would arrive in Jiangxi in June 2018, they started to send petition letters and make complaint calls about the waste incineration to the team, and they also exposed the information about the issue on their personal Weibo and WeChat accounts, but one of them were detained for 15 days in June in the name of spreading “rumors”. The Jiujiang Municipal Government realised there were some petitions and resistances to the project, but their decision was to control the public voices and to push the project forward. 
Many small clashes occurred on the site. Since April 15th, villagers got united and started to camp in the paddy fields to stop the construction work and protect their land. Simple houses and stoves were established in the site, there are more than 20 people coming to look after the facilities, while 5 elderly men were on duty at night to stop any further actions on construction. Wearing uniform white T-shirts with a flapping bird and slogans such as “protecting our home”, “protecting the habitat for migratory birds, protecting the green home”, the protesters have insisted to protect their land for nearly 6 months through the hot summer and in a very tough environment. They felt that “it’s worthy to do something for the future generations”. 
The conflict is continuing in the field. In mid-August, the Jiangsu Academy of Environmental Sciences recommended, through a phone communication, to Everbright International to select an alternative site. This may be good news for all villagers in Liucang Village, but before the official announcement of the new site, they dare not easily withdraw from the "battle field".