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Waste incineration project in Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China

Villagers camp in the paddy fields for nearly 6 months to stop the construction of a waste-to-energy project that threatens their homes and the habitat of migratory birds.


Chaisang District, formerly known as Jiujiang County until 2017[1], is a district of the prefectural city of Jiujiang in Jiangxi Province. It has non-contiguous land area, with a smaller exclave to the northeast being separated by Lianxi District and Xunyang District.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Waste incineration project in Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China
State or province:Jiangxi
Location of conflict:Liucang Village, Gangkoujie Town, Chaisang District, Jiujiang City (Prefecture-level)
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Jiujiang Waste-to-Energy project would be invested and built by China Everbright International Co. Ltd with a total investment of CNY 1 billion. The occupied area would be 300mu (268 mu in Liucang Village). The daily waste treatment capacity would be 1,500 tons. [6]

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Project area:17.87
Level of Investment:ca. 132,845,678 USD
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:300,000 is the population of Chaisang district
Start of the conflict:07/09/2017
Company names or state enterprises:China Everbright International Co, Ltd. from China
Relevant government actors:-Jiujiang municipal government
-Research Institute on Environment Protection in Jiangxi Province
-Land and Resources Bureaus of Chaisang District
-Land and Resources Bureaus of Jiujiang City
-Jiujiang Planning Bureau
-Chaisang District Government
-Department of Land and Resource of Jiangxi Province
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:-Jiangsu Academy of Environmental Sciences
-Zhao Zhangyuan, researcher from Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences. 2018年8月9日,中国环境科学研究院研究员赵章元老师及其夫人林老师(北京大学教授)冒着酷暑,不辞辛劳莅临江西九江赤湖。之前,赵老师从网上了解到赤湖要建垃圾焚烧厂的信息,也非常关心。此次,赵老师在结束千岛湖私人行程后,由“千岛湖环保义士”之称的吴小龙先生亲自护送至赤湖。周边几百位村民围拢在赤湖大堤现场,赵老师讲解了垃圾焚烧所带来的不可避免的污染排放问题。并特别指出一级致癌物——“二噁英“的积累,当其达到一定量时,对身体危害是不可避免的!
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local scientists/professionals
senior citizens
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Shareholder/financial activism.
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsdioxin emissions; impact on the habitat of migratory birds.
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactscancers and other diseases due to exposure to dioxin.
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:-The Jiangsu Academy of Environmental Sciences recommended to Everbright International to select an alternative site.
-The local residents proposed to start with waste sorting and recycling instead of the construction of incineration plant.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The conflict is continuing in the field and there is no further official statements on the project.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

[3] 江西九江生活垃圾发电项目环境影响评价公众参与第一次公示 (accessed on 2018-07-20)
[click to view]

[1]江西省人民政府关于调整九江市部分行政区划的通知 (accessed on 2018-07-30)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] 环评未完成 九江垃圾焚烧项目遇阻 (accessed on 2018-07-20)
[click to view]

[5] 江西九江:光大国际违法在赤湖建设垃圾焚烧厂大事记 (accessed on 2018-09-30)
[click to view]

[6] 九江市2018年第一批重大工业开工项目简介!(accessed on 2018-09-30)
[click to view]

[7] 九江垃圾焚烧发电厂违建在江西第五大淡水湖候鸟自然区(accessed on 2018-09-30)
[click to view]

[4]水田被选址为垃圾焚烧厂村民守163天 官方:是滩涂(accessed on 2018-09-30)
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[8] 赤湖“邻避”事件:九江垃圾发电项目选址引争议,或威胁水源地(accessed on 2018-09-30)
[click to view]

Other documents

Banners: opposing the waste incineration project
[click to view]

Land investigation
[click to view]

Introduction of the project
[click to view]

protect our homes
[click to view]

opposing the waste incineration project
[click to view]

Project Implementation
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/NWAFU master students
Last update04/10/2018
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