Waste Incinerator in Resnik, Zagreb, Croatia

Many years of citizens and NGOs opposition to building waste incinerator in Resnik resulted in cancellation of the project by decisions of the state and city of Zagreb authorities.


At the beginning of 2000s, the City of Zagreb made a plan for the installation of a municipal waste incinerator with annual capacity of 385,000 tonnes, worth around 200 million USD to be provided by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

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Basic Data
NameWaste Incinerator in Resnik, Zagreb, Croatia
ProvinceZagreb Capital
SiteZagreb, Resnik
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Incinerators
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsOnly 26% of waste is currently separated and only 2% is recycled in Croatia. According to the directives of the European Union the percentage of separated waste should raise to 50% by 2020.

According to the EIA, burning an estimated 385,000 tonnes of waste and sludge per year would produce between 95,603 and 105,471 tonnes of ash, depending on the type of the incinerator. This represents between 24.8% and 27.4% of the original weight of the waste/sludge.
Level of Investment (in USD)200,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population1,400
Start Date05/2005
End Date03/2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesZagreb Holding (ZGOS) from Croatia - Manager of the future incinerator
Relevant government actorsThe City of Zagreb, The Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia, The Ministry of Construction and Physical Planning of the Republic of Croatia
International and Financial InstitutionsThe European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) - Project investor
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersZelena Akcija (Green Action) http://zelena-akcija.hr; Udruga za zaštitu okoliša Resnik (UZOR); citizens of Resnik
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Development of AlternativesThe opponents of the project demanded from the city authorities to quit of outdated, polluting and end-of-pipe technologies and to invest in improvements of waste management system in Zagreb including waste separation, re-use and recycling activities.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.According to the minister of environment and the city authorities, the waste incinerator in Resnik will not be built. Apart from necessity of making such decision official, it remains that Croatian authorities elaborate a new waste management plan and decide on waste management location in 2016.
Sources and Materials

Document: Incinerator analysis - Position paper, 14.10.2005 by NGO Green Action
[click to view]


Action: Waste + Incineration = Toxic Waste, 11.05.2005
[click to view]

Concerns regarding the proposed waste-to-energy incinerator in Zagreb, Croatia
[click to view]

Zagreb incinerator EIA approval faces legal challenge, 01.12.2006
[click to view]

Incinerator correspondence with EBRD #2, 16.11.2005
[click to view]

EBRD criticised for persisting with rejected Zagreb incinerator project, 17.11.2005
[click to view]

Open letter reminds Mayor to respect public and expert opinion, 03.11.2005
[click to view]

Bandić: Spalionica otpada neće se graditi u Zagrebu
[click to view]

Ne želimo spalionicu u Resniku!
[click to view]

Bandić otkazao sjednicu, a ministri odobrili spalionicu
[click to view]

Prosvjednici: Neće biti spalionice, Milane ti si se kleo
[click to view]

Prosvjednicima ispred Skupštine Kosor poručio: 'Za Bandića i spalionicu glasalo 93% Resničana
[click to view]

Župnik: Ako su stvarno odustali od spalionice, imat ćemo feštu
[click to view]

Stručnjaci: Spalionice otpada nisu baš 'passé' kako Bandić tvrdi
[click to view]

GRADONAČELNIK BANDIĆ OTKRIVA: Zašto je Zagreb ipak odustao od spalionice smeća
[click to view]

Novi ministar zaštite okoliša protiv spalionice otpada u Zagrebu
[click to view]

Aktivisti Zelene akcije i Uzora protiv spalionice otpada
[click to view]

Zagreb na dnu europske ljestvice po gospodarenju otpadom
[click to view]

Bandić i Dobrović odustali od spalionica otpada: Spuštamo cijenu za građane koji to zaslužuju
[click to view]

Bandić: Odustajemo od spalionice otpada u Zagrebu
[click to view]

EU parlament: Nema toga, zaboravite na spalionicu otpada
[click to view]

Media Links

Citizens protest- Građani u Resniku: Centar za gospodarenje otpadom je spalionica
[click to view]

Resnik protiv spalionice
[click to view]

Bandić odustao od gradnje spalionice u Zagrebu 'Ja želim bidi moderan'
[click to view]

Other Documents

Green Action activist in protest against the waste incinerator in 2005 The sign reads “Waste + incinerator = hazardous waste”
[click to view]

The citizens of Resnik in protest, 2014 The sign reads “Burn the plan, not the waste”
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update07/05/2016