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Waste management at Uruli Devachi in Pune, MH, India

Residents of Uruli Devachi and Phursungi have been constantly protesting the landfill in their area and especially its ill-management, resorting in 2017 to a blockade to incoming trucks .


Although Pune is very well known for its waste management strategies over the years, there are several protests that sprout almost every year when it comes to the waste dump and the management of waste in areas surrounding the city. Pune’s landfill lies on the periphery of the city, at Uruli Devachi in the Phursungi area.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Waste management at Uruli Devachi in Pune, MH, India
State or province:Maharashtra
Location of conflict:Phursungi, Pune
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Land
Domestic municipal waste
Recycled Metals
Wet Waste, Plastic
Project Details and Actors
Project details

500 tonnes of waste is dumped into the landfill every day, which includes a mix of wet and dry waste.

Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:160,000 (approx)
Start of the conflict:2015
Relevant government actors:Pune Municipal Corporation, State Government of Maharashtra, Civic Bodies in Pune. National Green Tribunal.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Workers of Maharashtra Navnirman Sena
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Wastepickers, recyclers
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Fires, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution
Other Environmental impactsLeachate run-off leads to soil damage
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsBurning of the waste has led to bronchitis in some cases. Polluted groundwater has led to several water borne diseases like cholera.
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Other socio-economic impactsIrrigation is not possible due to leachate run-off contaminating the soil. 50% of the surrounding land is not cultivable. Land prices have heavily dropped in Uruli Devachi, Phursungi and the surrounding areas. People who were displaced in 1990 for the development of the landfill have still not been provided compensation or alternate jobs.
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (undecided)
Under negotiation
Proposal and development of alternatives:The Pune Municipal Corporation has decided to change the location of the landfill to another area, however, this has not been sanctioned by the state government.
25 incineration plants have been built around the city, but only very few are being used. Five of them are not in working condition.
The temperature of the incinerators are not being regulated, which leads to further air pollution.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The environmental conflict has come to light, however, there has been very minimal development on the issue.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Sayyed, M. R. G., & Wagh, G. S. (2011). An assessment of groundwater quality for agricultural use: a case study from solid waste disposal site SE of Pune, India. Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 1(3-4), 195-201.

Outlook India. THE NEWS SCROLL04 MAY 2017. Pune garbage crisis aggravates
[click to view]

(2) Hindustan Times (Ashish Phadnis). Garbage dumpyard: Pune residents to agitate on August 2 to end 27-year ordeal with ‘city’ waste. Urali Devachi villagers in no mood to believe PMC promises and to start agitations from August 2. Updated: Jul 28, 2018
[click to view]

(1) Pune Mirror. Phursungi, Uruli villagers mark protest with a ‘Jagran Gondhal". Dheeraj Bengrut. 27 April 2017.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Smriti Jalihal and Helena Baby, [email protected] and [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:4113
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