Waste management at Uruli Devachi in Pune, MH, India

Residents of Uruli Devachi and Phursungi have been constantly protesting the landfill in their area and especially its ill-management, resorting in 2017 to a blockade to incoming trucks .


Description

Although Pune is very well known for its waste management strategies over the years, there are several protests that sprout almost every year when it comes to the waste dump and the management of waste in areas surrounding the city. Pune’s landfill lies on the periphery of the city, at Uruli Devachi in the Phursungi area.

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Basic Data
NameWaste management at Uruli Devachi in Pune, MH, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceMaharashtra
SitePhursungi, Pune
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesWater
Land
Wet Waste, Plastic
E-waste
Domestic municipal waste
Recycled Metals
Project Details and Actors
Project Details500 tonnes of waste is dumped into the landfill every day, which includes a mix of wet and dry waste.
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population160,000 (approx)
Start Date2015
Relevant government actorsPune Municipal Corporation, State Government of Maharashtra, Civic Bodies in Pune. National Green Tribunal.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWorkers of Maharashtra Navnirman Sena
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Wastepickers, recyclers
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Strikes
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Fires, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution
OtherLeachate run-off leads to soil damage
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Other Health impacts
OtherBurning of the waste has led to bronchitis in some cases. Polluted groundwater has led to several water borne diseases like cholera.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
OtherIrrigation is not possible due to leachate run-off contaminating the soil. 50% of the surrounding land is not cultivable. Land prices have heavily dropped in Uruli Devachi, Phursungi and the surrounding areas. People who were displaced in 1990 for the development of the landfill have still not been provided compensation or alternate jobs.
Outcome
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (undecided)
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesThe Pune Municipal Corporation has decided to change the location of the landfill to another area, however, this has not been sanctioned by the state government.

25 incineration plants have been built around the city, but only very few are being used. Five of them are not in working condition.

The temperature of the incinerators are not being regulated, which leads to further air pollution.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The environmental conflict has come to light, however, there has been very minimal development on the issue.
Sources and Materials
References

Sayyed, M. R. G., & Wagh, G. S. (2011). An assessment of groundwater quality for agricultural use: a case study from solid waste disposal site SE of Pune, India. Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 1(3-4), 195-201.

Links

Outlook India. THE NEWS SCROLL04 MAY 2017. Pune garbage crisis aggravates
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(1) Pune Mirror. Phursungi, Uruli villagers mark protest with a ‘Jagran Gondhal". Dheeraj Bengrut. 27 April 2017.
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(2) Hindustan Times (Ashish Phadnis). Garbage dumpyard: Pune residents to agitate on August 2 to end 27-year ordeal with ‘city’ waste. Urali Devachi villagers in no mood to believe PMC promises and to start agitations from August 2. Updated: Jul 28, 2018
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Other Documents

Waste pickers try to find something valuable from the garbage dumping site at Uruli Devachi which reportedly holds around 2.5 lakh metric tonnes waste.(Ravindra Joshi/HT PHOTO)
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Meta Information
ContributorSmriti Jalihal and Helena Baby, [email protected] and [email protected]
Last update11/06/2019
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