Efkarpia (Mun. of Pavlos Melas) is located in the Greater Thessaloniki Area in Northern Greece, 10 km from the city center. In a distance of 700 m from the city of Efkarpia a Waste Transfer Station (WTS) was sited, behind a cement industry (Titan) currently in operation. The area was intended to be reforested. The 20 years’ regional solid waste management planning for Thessaloniki was approved in 2005 and it included the construction of 7 Waste Transfer Stations. At the end of 2007, beginning of 2008, the Efkarpia WTS was decided to be combined with a waste incineration plant and a recyclables sorting center . The wider area is much degraded, as plenty of industrial activities are located, amongst others: 2 lime Industries, a non-restored landfill, hazardous waste treatment plants, illegal lead batteries processing and oil plants, 3 highways, etc. . According to the plans, the Efkarpia WTS would receive the wastes of the 5 municipalities of Western Macedonia, including the 60% of the biggest municipality, Thessaloniki. The Environmental Impact Assessment foresees that the plant’s capacity will be from 1,100 to 2,340 tn/day and the estimation was for 400.000 tn/year. However, according to the official recording, wastes produced was 240,000 tn/year (e.g. 700 tn/day) in 2011. This reduction is partly due to the financial crisis and there are predictions that wastes’ production will be reduced the years to come. Beyond this, the EIA has several ambiguities and distortions . Furthermore, in 2010 Titan asked for the permission for burning alternative fuels. The local movement considered that the plan is to have free fuel from the WTS and to get subsidy from the state . The residents’ movement considered that this was a clear proof that their objections were well founded. However, under residents’ movement pressure, the license was revoked by the Thessaloniki Prefecture Council .