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Waste Treatment Plant at Bandhwari, Haryana, India


Gurgaon is a city located very close to Delhi, the National Capital of India and fall under the National Capital Region (NCR). It did not have proper waste management facilities. A section of the city’s residents (DLF City Gurgaon) were initiated actions after suffering from the uncontrolled dumping of municipal wastes. The DLF City Gurgaon residents demanded better waste management facilities in the city. The residents had been agitating for long and pressed authorities to set up a new facility nearby Bandwari village. With their long demand and no action taken from the Gurgaon Municipal authority, they filed a petition in the Punjab and Haryana High Court in 2008. The honorable high court in its verdict ordered Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon to make better waste management facilities in the city. With the instruction from the Court, Gurgaon Municipal Corporation (GMC) along with Faridabad Municipal Corporation (FMC) decided to set up a joint solid waste treatment plant at Bandhwari village. The proposed site is about 15 km from Gurgaon on Faridabad-Gurgaon road. Haryana state government had promised to build this modern solid waste-treatment plant. The facility will treat waste from both the cities [1,4].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Waste Treatment Plant at Bandhwari, Haryana, India
State or province:Haryana
Location of conflict:Village-Bandhwari; Gurgaon
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA), Gurgaon, has acquired about 30.51 acre of land for the plant. Gurgaon Municipal Corporation had leased out 30.5 acres of land at Bandhwari village to the Commissioner of Faridabad Municipal Corporation in 2008. It was given free of cost for a period of 30 years. The estimated cost to build the plant was about Rs 7.03 crore. The entire expenditure for the setting up of the plant would be borne by the Municipal Corporation of Faridabad. The initial capacity was to treat 1,000 tonnes of waste. HUDA had also planned to develop green belt along the treatment plant [1]. Everyday about 500 tonnes of garbage is generated in Gurgaon. All these garbage are simply dump it in the landfill inside Bandhwari treatment plant [4].

Project area:12.34
Level of Investment:$1,136,271 (Rs 7.03 crore)
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:50,000-60,000
Start of the conflict:2008
Company names or state enterprises:Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) from India - Land Owner
Municipal Corporation Faridabad from India - Executing agency
Municipal Corporation Gurgaon from India
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF), Government of India, Government of Haryana
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Mahapanchayat of about 50 villages (Action committee)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Villagers living around the proposed site feared about the uncontrolled dumpsite. They had decided to protest against the plant. Villagers called “mahapanchayat” and formed a committee of 31 members, under the chairmanship of Col (retd) Rattan Singh to spearhead the protest.
The Gurgaon DLF residents protested against the uncontrolled dumping of garbage near their locality. The DLF city resident went to the Haryana High Court asking the Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon to initiate a new dumpsite away from their locality. The High Court directed the corporation to find a suitable site for waste treatment. The court ordered in favor of DLF Gurgaon’s residents to start an alternate dump site at Bandhwari village. This made the Bandhwari villagers surprised. The villagers were shocked that they had to pay the cost of pollution caused by DLF Gurgaon residents. They are not ready to bear the cost of Gurgaon’s waste and decided a strong opposition even if they prosecuted for breaking the law[2].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Officials of the Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon (MCG) claimed that the proposed plant would not affect the villagers in the area. The facility will use modern technology for waste treatment and it will not affect the air or ground water in the locality [2].
However according to the latest newspaper report in 2013, around 600 metric tons of waste is dumped into this plant daily from these two cities i.e., Gurgaon and Faridabad. The collected wastes are not recycled properly. The garbage is simply dumped inside the landfill site. Many of the equipment are not suitable to handle so much garbage. Sometime machineries do not function because of power shortage in the area. Above all, the situation at the plant is not satisfactory and requires improvement [3].
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Villagers protest garbage dump
[click to view]

Gurgaon collapsing? City stares at civic mess
[click to view]

Process 500 more tonnes of waste, Bandhwari plant told
[click to view]

[1] Plan in place for waste treatment plant for Gurgaon
[click to view]

[2] Gurgaon villagers protest garbage treatment plant site
[click to view]

[3] Bandhwari waste treatment plant to process 900 MT of waste a day by October
[click to view]

Bandhwari plant's filth overflowing on the road
[click to view]

Gurgaon Garbage Plant after a Year
[click to view]

[4] State master plan for solid waste disposal
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update09/02/2015
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